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Leslie R. Schover, Ph.D.

Present Title & Affiliation

Primary Appointment

Professor (Term Tenured), Department of Behavioral Science, Division of OVP, Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

Dual/Joint/Adjunct Appointment

Professor, Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, Division of Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

Bio Statement

Leslie R. Schover, Ph.D. is Professor of Behavioral Science with a dual appointment in the Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. A clinical psychologist with a special interest in sexual problems and infertility-related distress after cancer, she was born in Chicago, Illinois and graduated from Brown University in 1974, magna cum laude, with honors in psychology. She received a PhD in clinical psychology from UCLA in 1979 and then completed a postdoctoral fellowship in sex therapy and sex research at SUNY at Stony Brook. She was an Instructor in psychiatry at the Baylor College of Medicine for a year in 1981 and Assistant Professor of Psychology in Urology at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center from 1982-1986. She served as Staff Psychologist at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation until 1999 when she returned to MD Anderson Cancer Center . She is the author of 103 peer-reviewed journal articles, 33 book chapters, and 4 books, as well as the patient education booklets published by the American Cancer Society, Sexuality and Cancer: for the Woman with Cancer and Her Partner, and Sexuality and Cancer: for the Man with Cancer and His Partner. In 2004 she co-chaired a scientific conference on “Parenthood after Cancer” focusing on a variety of topics related to cancer and fertility. The proceedings were published in March, 2005 as a Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monograph. She completed projects funded by the American Cancer Society to develop an internet-based version of a sexual counseling problem for couples after prostate cancer, and by the National Cancer Institute to develop and evaluate a peer counseling program on reproductive health after breast cancer, in partnership with Sisters Network®, Inc., a national advocacy program for African-American Breast cancer survivors. She also completed two small business grants funded by the National Cancer Institute in partnership with Digital Science Technologies, LLC, the first to produce and evaluate a computerized educational tool and decision aid on banking sperm before cancer treatment, Banking on Fatherhood after Cancer, and the second  to develop a computerized, multimedia intervention for women’s sexual problems and fertility concerns related to cancer, Tendrils: Sexual Renewal and Motherhood for Women after Cancer. She is currently conducting a randomized efficacy trial of the third project funded by a STTR grant, a computerized, multimedia psychoeducational intervention to prevent or treat men's sexual problems related to cancer and its treatment, hardtimes: Cancer and Men's Sexual Health. She is also conducting a pilot project on preventing sexual dysfunction in breast cancer survivors starting on aromatase inhibitors, with a secondary goal of increasing adherence to hormonal therapy. She has collaborated with Francesco Versace, PhD on a pilot fMRI study of sexual desire in women post-chemotherapy for breast cancer

Research Interests


Dr. Schover’s research interests include developing interventions to ameliorate sexual problems and distress about infertility after cancer, as well as understanding the role of reproductive health problems after cancer in overall quality of life. She is particularly interested in evidence-based methods of disseminating cognitive-behavioral interventions focusing on reproductive issues to patients and survivors in the community. She is also interested in ways to increase the effectiveness of internet-based psychosocial interventions.

Office Address

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
1515 Holcombe Boulevard
Unit Number: Unit 1330
Houston, TX 77030
Room Number: Room CPB3.3241
Phone: (713) 745-2681
Fax: (713) 745-4286

Education & Training

Degree-Granting Education

1979 University of California, Los Angeles, CA, PHD, Clinical Psychology
1974 Brown University, Providence, RI, BA, Psychology

Postgraduate Training

7/1979-2/1981 Postdoctoral Research Associate, Psychology (Clinical) Sex Therapy and Research, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY, Joseph LoPiccolo, Ph.D.

Board Certifications

1999 Certificate of Professional Qualification in Psychology, Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards


Academic Appointments

Associate Professor (Term Tenured), Department of Behavioral Science, Division of OVP, Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 9/1999-8/2003
Staff Psychologist, Center for Sexual Function, Department of Urology, with Dual Appointment in Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, and Joint Appointment in the Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, 7/1986-7/1999
Assistant Clinical Psychologist, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute, Houston, TX, 2/1982-6/1986
Assistant Professor, Urology (Psychology), The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute, Houston, TX, 2/1982-6/1986
Instructor, Department of Psychiatry, Sleep Disorders and Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 3/1981-1/1982

Administrative Appointments/Responsibilities

Fellowship Program Director, Department of Behavioral Science, Division of OVP, Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 8/2006-present

Honors and Awards

2011 Faculty Educator of the Month- July 2011, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
2010 Medal of the French Society of Oncological Radiotherapy
2007 Outstanding Reviewer, Annals of Internal Medicine
1979-1981 Postdoctoral Fellowship in Sex Research and Sex Therapy, National Institute of Mental Health
1978-1979 Woodrow Wilson Research Grant in Womens Studies, Woodrow Wilson Foundation
1974 B. A., magna cum laude, with honors in Psychology, Brown University
1974 Phi Beta Kappa, Rhode Island Alpha

Professional Memberships

American Psycho-Oncology Society, Charlottesville, VA
Member, 2004-present
American Psychological Association (Division 12, Clinical Psychology and Division 38, Health Psychology), Washington, DC
Member, 1979-present
American Society of Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, AL
Member, 1996-present
International Academy of Sex Research, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Full Member, 1986-present
International Society for the Study of Womens' Sexual Health, Schaumburg, IL
Member, 2007-present

Selected Publications

Peer-Reviewed Original Research Articles

1. Schover LR, Baum GP, Fuson LA, Brewster A, Melhem-Bertrandt A. Sexual problems during the first two years of adjuvant treatment with aromatase inhibitors. J Sex Med 11(12):3102-11, 12/2014. e-Pub 8/2014. PMCID: PMC4370340.
2. Woodson AH, Muse KI, Lin H, Jackson M, Mattair DN, Schover L, Woodard T, McKenzie L, Theriault RL, Hortobágyi GN, Arun B, Peterson SK, Profato J, Litton JK. Breast Cancer, BRCA Mutations and Attitudes Regarding Pregnancy and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis. Oncologist 19(8):797-804, 8/2014. PMID: 24951607.
3. Klosky JL, Simmons JL, Russell KM, Foster RH, Sabbatini GM, Canavera KE, Hodges JR, Schover LR, McDermott MJ. Fertility as a priority among at-risk adolescent males newly diagnosed with cancer and their parents. Supportive Care in Cancer. e-Pub 8/2014. PMID: 25082365.
4. Schover LR, Yuan Y, Fellman BM, Odensky E, Lewis PE, Martinetti P. Efficacy trial of an internet-based intervention for cancer-related female sexual dysfunction. J Natl Compr Canc Netw 11(11):1389-97, 11/2013. PMCID: PMC3831175.
5. Milbury K, Cohen L, Jenkins R, Skibber JM, Schover LR. The association between psychosocial and medical factors with long-term sexual dysfunction after treatment for colorectal cancer. Support Care Cancer 21(3):793-802, 3/2013. e-Pub 9/5/2012. PMID: 22948439.
6. Lewis PE, Sheng M, Rhodes MM, Jackson KE, Schover LR. Psychosocial concerns of young african american breast cancer survivors. J Psychosoc Oncol 30(2):168-84, 3/2012. PMCID: PMC3307598.
7. Schover LR, Canada AL, Yuan Y, Sui D, Neese L, Jenkins R, Rhodes MM. A randomized trial of internet-based versus traditional sexual counseling for couples after localized prostate cancer treatment. Cancer 118(2):500-9, 1/15/2012. e-Pub 9/26/2011. PMID: 21953578.
8. Schover LR, Rhodes MM, Baum G, Adams JH, Jenkins R, Lewis P, Jackson KE. Sisters Peer Counseling in Reproductive Issues After Treatment (SPIRIT): A peer counseling program to improve reproductive health among African-American breast cancer survivors. Cancer 117(21):4983-92, 11/1/2011. e-Pub 4/14/2011. PMCID: PMC3156859.
9. Kiserud CE, Schover LR, Dahl AA, Fosså A, Bjøro T, Loge JH, Holte H, Yuan Y, Fosså SD. Do male lymphoma survivors have impaired sexual function? J Clin Oncol 27(35):6019-26, 12/2009. e-Pub 10/2009. PMID: 19858388.
10. Huyghe E, Martinetti P, Sui D, Schover LR. Banking on Fatherhood: pilot studies of a computerized educational tool on sperm banking before cancer treatment. Psychooncology 18(9):1011-4, 9/2009. e-Pub 12/2008. PMCID: PMC3034092.
11. Huyghe E, Sui D, Odensky E, Schover LR. Needs assessment survey to justify establishing a reproductive health clinic at a comprehensive cancer Center. J Sex Med 6(1):149-163, 1/2009. e-Pub 9/2008. PMID: 18823323.
12. Schover LR. Androgen therapy for loss of desire in women: Is the benefit worth the breast cancer risk? Fertil Steril 90(1):129-40, 7/2008. e-Pub 11/2007. PMID: 18023435.
13. Lee SJ, Schover LR, Partridge AH, Patrizio P, Wallace WH, Hagerty K, Beck LN, Brennan LV, Oktay K, Oktay K. American Society of Clinical Oncology recommendations on fertility preservation in cancer patients. J Clin Oncol 24(18):2917-2931, 2006. PMID: 16651642.
14. Schover LR, Jenkins R, Sui D, Adams JH, Marion MS, Jackson KE. Randomized trial of peer counseling on reproductive health in African American breast cancer survivors. J Clin Oncol 24(10)(10):1620-1626, 2006. PMID: 16575013.
15. Canada AL, Neese LE, Sui D, Schover LR. Pilot intervention to enhance sexual rehabilitation for couples after treatment for localized prostate carcinoma. Cancer 104:2689-700, 2005. PMID: 16294343.
16. Frumovitz M, Sun CC, Schover LR, Munsell MF, Jhingran A, Wharton JT, Eifel P, Bevers TB, Levenback CF, Gershenson DM, Bodurka DC. Quality of life and sexual functioning in cervical cancer survivors. J Clin Oncol 23:7428-36, 2005. PMID: 16234510.
17. Schover LR, Fouladi RT, Warneke CL, Neese L, Klein EA, Zippe C, Kupelian PA. Seeking help for erectile dysfunction after treatment for prostate cancer. Arch Sex Behav 33:443-54, 2004. PMID: 15305115.
18. Schover LR, Fouladi RT, Warneke CL, Neese L, Klein EA, Zippe C, Kupelian PA. Defining sexual outcomes after treatment for localized prostate carcinoma. Cancer 95:1773-1785, 2002. PMID: 12365027.
19. Schover LR, Brey K, Lichtin A, Lipshultz LI, Jeha S. Knowledge and experience regarding cancer, infertility, and sperm banking in younger male survivors. J Clin Oncol 20:1880-1889, 2002. PMID: 11919248.
20. Schover LR, Brey K, Lichtin A, Lipshultz LI, Jeha S. Oncologists' attitudes and practices regarding banking sperm before cancer treatment. J Clin Oncol 20:1890-1897, 2002. PMID: 11919249.
21. Schover LR, Fouladi RT, Warneke CL, Neese L, Klein EA, Zippe C, Kupelian PA. The use of treatments for erectile dysfunction among survivors of prostate carcinoma. Cancer 95:2397-2407, 2002. PMID: 12436448.
22. Clark PE, Schover LR, Uzzo RG, Hafez KS, Rybicki LA, Novick AC. Quality of life and psychological adaptation after surgical treatment for localized renal cell carcinoma: Impact of the amount of remaining renal tissue. Urology 57:252-256, 2001. PMID: 11182331.
23. Schover LR, Rybicki LA, Martin BA, Bringelsen KA. Having children after cancer: A pilot survey of survivors' attitudes and experiences. Cancer 86:697-709, 1999. PMID: 10440699.
24. Schover LR, Streem SB, Boparai N, Duriak K, Novick AC. The psychosocial impact of donating a kidney: Long-term follow-up from a urology based center. J Urol 157:1596-1601, 1997. PMID: 9112484.
25. Schover LR, Yetman RJ, Tuason LJ, Meisler E, Esselstyn CB, Hermann RE, Grundfest-Broniatowski S, Dowden RV. Partial mastectomy and breast reconstruction. A comparison of their effects on psychosocial adjustment, body image, and sexuality. Cancer 75:54-64, 1995. PMID: 7804978.
26. Schover LR, Collins RL, Richards S. Psychological aspects of donor insemination: Evaluation and follow-up of recipient couples. Fertil Steril 57:583-590, 1992. PMID: 1740202.
27. Schover LR, Youngs DD, Cannata R. Psychosexual aspects of the evaluation and management of vulvar vestibulitis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 167:630-636, 1992. PMID: 1530015.
28. Schover LR, Collins RL, Quigley MM, Blankstein J, Kanoti G. Psychological follow-up of women evaluated as oocyte donors. Hum Reprod 6:1487-1491, 1991. PMID: 1770150.
29. Schover LR, Fife M, Gershenson DM. Sexual dysfunction and treatment for early stage cervical cancer. Cancer 63:204-12, 1989. PMID: 2910419.

Invited Articles

1. Schover LR. Inklings: Methodological issues for behavioral and psychosocial research submissions to Fertility and Sterility. Fertility and Sterility 101:69, 2014. PMID: 2436060.
2. Schover LR, van der Kaaij M, Creutzberg C, Van Dorst E, Huyghe E, Kiserud C. Sexual dysfunction and infertility as late effects of cancer treatment. European Journal of Cancer Supplements 12:41-53, 2014. PMCID: PMC4250536.
3. Schover LR. Premature ovarian failure and its consequences: Vasomotor symptoms, sexuality, and fertility. J Clin Oncol 26(5):753-758, 2/10/2008. PMID: 18258983.

Book Chapters

1. Schover LR. Sexuality. In: Advances in Cancer Survivorship. Ed(s) Foxhall LE, Rodriguez MA. Springer: New York, 401-414, 2015. ISBN: 978-1-4939-0985-8.
2. Schover, LR. Sexuality and intimacy after cancer. In: Medical and Psychosocial Care of the Cancer Survivor. Ed(s) KD Miller. Jones and Bartlett Publishers: Boston, MA, 55-72, 2009. ISBN: 978-0-7637-5770-0.
3. Schover LR. Reduction of psychosexual dysfunction in cancer patients. In: Handbook of Cancer Control and Behavioral Science. Ed(s) SM Miller, DJ Bowen, RT Croyle, JH Rowland. American Psychological Association Press: Washington, DC, 379-390, 2008. ISBN: 978-1-4338-0358-1.

Books (edited and written)

1. Schover LR, Thomas AJ. Overcoming Male Infertility: Understanding its Causes and Treatments. John Wiley and Sons: New York, NY, 2000.
2. Schover LR. Sexuality and Fertility after Cancer. John Wiley and Sons: New York, NY, 1997.
3. Schover LR, Jensen SB. Sexuality and Chronic Illness: A Comprehensive Approach. Guilford Press: New York, NY, 1988.

Grant & Contract Support

Title: An Online Interprofessional Course in Oncosexuality
Funding Source: NIH/NCI
Role: Principal Investigator
Duration: 7/1/2015 - 6/30/2018
Title: Psychological Services and Outcomes in Women Considering Fertility Preservation
Funding Source: National Comprehensive Cancer Network Young Investigator Award
Role: Collaborator
Principal Investigator: Terri L. Woodard, MD
Duration: 9/1/2014 - 8/31/2016
Title: Second Manhood: A Multimedia Intervention for Male Sexual Problems
Funding Source: NIH/NHLBI
Role: Principal Investigator-MDACC
Principal Investigator: Paul Martinetti, MD
Duration: 9/1/2014 - 8/30/2015
Title: A randomized dissemination trial to improve sexual outcomes in men with cancer
Funding Source: NIH/NCI
Role: Principal Investigator
Duration: 7/1/2014 - 6/30/2017
Title: Adaptive Trial of Web Intervention for Cancer-Related Female Sexual Problems
Funding Source: NIH/NCI
Role: Principal Investigator
Duration: 4/1/2014 - 3/31/2017
Title: Preventing Sexual Dysfunction in Women on Aromatase Inhibitors
Funding Source: Duncan Family Institute Seed Funding
Role: Principal Investigator
Duration: 5/14/2012 - 1/15/2015
Title: Impact of Past Chemotherapy on Emotional Processing: An fMRI study in breast cancer survivors
Funding Source: Duncan Family Institute Seed Funding
Role: Co-Investigator
Principal Investigator: Francesco Versace
Duration: 6/1/2011 - 3/29/2013
Title: Predictors of Adolescent Sperm Banking: Development of a Profiling and Referral Tool
Funding Source: NIH/NICHHD
Role: Co-Investigator
Principal Investigator: James Klosky, PhD
Duration: 9/1/2010 - 6/30/2013
Title: Second Manhood: A Multimedia Intervention for Male Sexual Dysfunction after Cancer
Funding Source: NIH/NCI
Role: Principal Investigator-MDACC
Principal Investigator: Paul Martinetti, MD
Duration: 9/28/2009 - 8/31/2015
Title: Tendrils: A Multimedia Intervention for Women's Sexual Dysfunction after Cancer
Funding Source: NIH/NCI
Role: Principal Investigator
Duration: 7/1/2008 - 6/30/2013

Last updated: 4/6/2015