Skip to Content

MingFwu J. Lii, MS

Present Title & Affiliation

Primary Appointment

Sr. Medical Physicist, Department of Radiation Physics, Division of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

Office Address

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
1400 Pressler Street
Unit Number: 1420
Houston, TX 77030-3722
Phone: (713) 563-2550
Fax: (713) 563-2545

Education & Training

Degree-Granting Education

1987 University of Colorado, Denver, CO, MS, Medical Physics
1980 National Tsing-Hua University, BS, Nuclear Engineering

Board Certifications

1/1992 The American board of Radiology, Therapeutic Radio


Academic Appointments

Faculty Associate, Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, TX, 1/1990-1/1998

Military or Other Governmental Service

Reserved Lieutenant, Taiwan Navy, 1980-1982

Selected Publications

Peer-Reviewed Original Research Articles

1. Liengsawangwong P, Sahoo N, Ding X, Lii M, Gillin MT, Zhu XR. Dosimetric Characteristics of a Two-Dimensional Diode Array Detector Irradiated with Passively Scattered Proton Beams. Cancers (Basel) 7(3):1425-35, 2015. e-Pub 7/30/2015. PMID: 26264024.
2. Mackin D, Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Li H, Sahoo N, Kerr M, Holmes C, Li Y, Lii M, Wu R, Suzuki K, Gillin MT, Frank SJ, Grosshans D, Zhang X. Spot-Scanning Proton Therapy Patient-Specific Quality Assurance: Results from 309 Treatment Plans. Int J Particle Therapy, 9/2014.
3. Mackin D, Li Y, Taylor MB, Kerr M, Holmes C, Sahoo N, Poenisch F, Li H, Lii J, Amos R, Wu R, Suzuki K, Gillin MT, Zhu XR, Zhang X. Improving spot-scanning proton therapy patient specific quality assurance with HPlusQA, a second-check dose calculation engine. Med Phys 40(12):121708, 12/2013. PMID: 24320494.
4. Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Lii M, Sawakuchi GO, Titt U, Bues M, Song X, Zhang X, Li Y, Ciangaru G, Li H, Taylor MB, Suzuki K, Mohan R, Gillin MT, Sahoo N. Commissioning dose computation models for spot scanning proton beams in water for a commercially available treatment planning system. Med Phys 40(4):041723, 4/2013. PMCID: PMC3631269.
5. Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Song X, Johnson JL, Ciangaru G, Taylor MB, Lii M, Martin C, Arjomandy B, Lee AK, Choi S, Nguyen QN, Gillin MT, Sahoo N. Patient-specific quality assurance for prostate cancer patients receiving spot scanning proton therapy using single-field uniform dose. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 81(2):552-559, 10/1/2011. e-Pub 2/6/2011. PMID: 21300457.
6. Chou CT, Chen RC, Chen WT, Lii JM. Percentage of signal intensity loss for characterisation of focal liver lesions in patients with chronic liver disease using ferucarbotran-enhanced MRI. Br J Radiol 83(996):1023-8, 12/2010. e-Pub 4/22/2010. PMCID: PMC3473610.
7. Torres MA, Chang EL, Mahajan A, Lege DG, Riley BA, Zhang X, Lii M, Kornguth DG, Pelloski CE, Woo SY. Optimal treatment planning for skull base chordoma: photons, protons, or a combination of both? Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 74(4):1033-1039, 7/2009. e-Pub 4/2009. PMID: 19356861.
8. Sahoo N, Zhu XR, Arjomandy B, Ciangaru G, Lii M, Amos R, Wu R, Gillin MT. A procedure for calculation of monitor units for passively scattered proton radiotherapy beams. Med Phys 35(11):5088-97, 11/2008. PMID: 19070243.
9. Li Y, Zhang X, Lii M, Sahoo N, Zhu RX, Gillin M, Mohan R. Incorporating partial shining effects in proton pencil-beam dose calculation. Phys Med Biol 53(3):605-16, 2/2008. e-Pub 1/2008. PMID: 18199905.
10. Hermanto U, Frija EK, Lii MJ, Chang EL, Mahajan A, Woo SY. Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) and Conventional Three-Dimensional COnformal Radiotherapy for High-Grade Gliomas: Does IMRT Increase the Integral Dose to Normal Brain? Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 67(4):1135-44, 3/2007. PMID: 17208388.
11. Wang, C., Shiu, A., Lii, MJ., Woo, S., Change, EL.. Automatic Target Localization and Verification for On-Line Image-GUided Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy of the Spine. Technol Cancer Res Treat 6(3)(3):187-96, 2007. PMID: 17535027.
12. Briere TM, Lii J, Prado K, Gillin MT, Sam Beddar A. Single-Use MOSFET Radiation dosimeters for the quality Assurance of Megavoltage Photon Beams. Phys Med Biol 51(5):1139-1144, 3/7/2006. e-Pub 2/8/2006. PMID: 16481683.
13. Wang H, Dong L, Lii MF, Lee AL, de Crevoisier R, Mohan R, Cox JD, Kuban DA, Cheung R. Implementation and validation of a three-dimensional deformable registration algorithm for targeted prostate cancer radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 61(3):725-35, 3/2005. PMID: 15708250.
14. Chang EL, Shiu AS, Lii MF, Rhines LD, Mendel E, Mahajan A, Weinberg JS, Mathews LA, Brown BW, Maor MH, Cox JD. Phase I clinical evaluation of near-simultaneous computed tomographic image-guided stereotactic body radiotherapy for spinal metastases. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 59(5):1288-94, 8/2004. PMID: 15275711.
15. Selek U, Cheung R, Lii M, Allen P, Steadham RE, Vantreese TR, Jr, Little DJ, Rosen,, II, Kuban D. Erectile dysfunction and radiation dose to penile base structures: a lack of correlation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 59(4):1039-46, 7/2004. PMID: 15234037.
16. Shiu AS, Chang EL, Ye JS, Lii M, Rhines LD, Mendel E, Weinberg J, Singh S, Maor MH, Mohan R, Cox JD. Near simultaneous computed tomography image-guided stereotactic spinal radiotherapy: an emerging paradigm for achieving true stereotaxy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 57(3):605-13, 11/2003. PMID: 14529763.
17. Shiu A, Parker B, Ye JS, Lii J. An integrated treatment delivery system for CSRS and CSRT and clinical applications. J Appl Clin Med Phys 4(4):261-73, 2003. PMID: 14604415.


1. Sahoo, N., Zhu, X., Zhu, M., Amos, R., Kudchadker, R., Johnson, J., Arjomandy, B., Lii, M., Wu, R., Gillin, M. Analysis of the Accuracy of a Monitor Unit Calculation Procedure for Passively Scattered Proton Therapy Beams. Int J of Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 69(3):S689-90, 2007.
2. Liengsawangwong, P., Ding, X., Arjomandy, B.,Lii, MJ., Sahoo, N., Amos, R., Gillin, M., Zhu, X. Dosimetric Characterization of a 2D Diode Array Detector in Passive Scattering Proton Beams. Med Phys 34(6):2440, 2007.
3. Wu, R., Zhang, X., Amos, R., Prado, K., Lii, MJ., Sahoo, N., Gillin, M., Zhu, X. Evaluation of Titanium Metal Imaging Artifacts on Proton Dose Calculation. Med Phys 34(6):2452, 2007.
4. Torres, M., Woo, S., Lege, D., Riley, B., Zhai, X., Lii, M., Kornguth, D., Pelloski, C., Mahajan, A., Chang, E.. Optimal Treatment Planningfor Skull B ase Chordoma: Photons, Protons or a Combination of Both?. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 69(3)(4):S168-9, 2007. e-Pub 4/2009. PMID: 19356861.
5. Sahoo, N., Zhu, X., Lii, MJ., Amos, R., Arjomandy, B., Wu, R., Gillin, M. Study of Dose Distribution in Passively Scattered Proton Beams for Small Field Sizes. Med Phys 34(6):2325, 2007.
6. Wang C, Shiu A, Lii M, Chang E. Automation of Image Registration and Verification for Image-Guided Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy. Med Phys 32(6):1943, 2005.
7. Tung S, Lii M, Lai P, Wong P, Mason B, Garden A, Chao K, Zhu X. Clinical Evaluation of Direct Machine Parameter Optimization Algorithm for Head and Neck IMRT Treatment. Med Phys 32(6):1971, 2005.
8. Shiu A, Wang C, Lii M, Chang E. Image-Guided Radiotherapy Feasibility Study Using Kilo-Voltage Cone-Beam CT Images for Patient Alignment Verification. Med Phys 32(6):1933, 2005.
9. Shiu, A., Wang, C., Sadagopan, R., Cho, S., Lii, MJ., Change, E., Woo, S., Mahajan, N., Sahoo, N. Implementation of a 6D Robotic Couch-Top for the Automation of Image-Guided Brain SRS and Spinal SRT. Int J of Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 63(1):S515, 2005.
10. Zhang X, Dong L, Zhu X, Zein R, Lim J, Wang X, Lii M, Xu J, Kang Y, Gillin M, Mohan R. Software Tools for Transferring Treatment Plans Between Two Planning Systems. Med Phys 32(6):1969, 2005.
11. Tung S, Lii M, Zhu X, Garden A. Comparison of IMRT Dose Prescription for Head and Neck Cancers. Med Phys 31(6):1872, 2004.
12. O'Daniel J, Childress N, Lii M, Xu J, Ye J, Rosen I, Dong L. Direct Dose-Calculation Algorithm Comparisons: Corvus Versus Pinnacle. Med Phys 31(6):1749, 2004.
13. Shiu A, Chang E, Court L, Wang C, Lii M. Evaluation of Positioning Accuracy and Planned Versus Delivered Dose Distributions for CT Image-Guided Stereotactic Spinal Radiotherapy. Med Phys 31(6):1825, 2004.
14. Zhu X, Zhang S, Lii M, Dong L, Kendall R, Forster K, Shiu A, Tung S, Gillin M. Treatment Planning Quality and Delivery Efficiency for SMLC Delivered IMRT Treatments: Influence of the Leaf Width of MLC and the Size of Finite Pencil Beam. Med Phys 31(6):1721, 2004.
15. Little DJ, Chang EL, Lii MF, Maor MH, Shiu AS. Comparison of Intensity modulated and Shaped Beam Conformal Stereotactic Radiotherapy Plans for Complex Intracranial Lesions. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 57(2 Suppl):S376, 2003.
16. Shiu AS, Chang E, Lii M, Ye J. Image-Guided Intensity Modulated Stereotactic Radiosurgery/Radiotherapy: Make it a Clinical Reality. 6th International Stereotactic Radiosurgery Society Congress, 2003.
17. Shiu AS, Chang E, Lii M, Ye J. Near Simultaneous CT Image-Guide Stereotactic Spine Radiotherapy: A Novel Paradigm for Achieving True Extracranial Stereotaxy. International Journal Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 57(2S):S427, 2003.
18. Shiu AS, Chang E, Ye J, Dong L, Lii M, Liu H, Maor M, Parker L, Court L, Mohan R. Image-Guided Stereotactic Intensity Modulated Radiosurgery/ Radiotherapy. Med Phys 29(6):1239, 2002.
19. Shiu AS, Chang E, Lii J, Ye J, Maor M. Conformity of Dose Distribution and setup Accuracy comparable to Invasive Head Frame Using a mMLC and an Unique Positioning Device with GTC frame for SRT. International Journal Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 2001.
20. Lii J, Dong L, Shiu AS. Calculate Effective Wedge Factors of Any Wedge Angles of Enhanced Dynamic Wedge from a Measured 60 Degree Wedge Factor. Medical Physics 26(6):1153, 1999.
21. Shiu AS, Dong L, Lii J, Maor MH. Clinical Application of Conformal Stereotactic Radiotherapy with Miniature Multileaf Collimator. 4th International Stereotactic Radiosurgery Society Congress 56, 1999.
22. Dong L, Lii J, Shiu AS, Liu H. Film Dosimetry for Enhanced Dynamic Wedges. Medical Physics 26(6):1154, 1999.

Book Chapters

1. Shiu AS, Parker B, Ye J, Lii J. An Integrated Treatment Delivery System for SRS and SRT. In: XIIIth ICCR Conference Proceedings, 341-343, 2000.

Last updated: 8/25/2015