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David E. Ost, M.D., M.P.H., F.A.C.P.

Present Title & Affiliation

Primary Appointment

Associate Professor, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Division of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
Director of Clinical Research, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Division of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

Research Interests

My long-term goal is to understand the factors that contribute to pulmonary morbidity and mortality in cancer patients in order to develop more cost-effective treatments and interventions. My particular area of focus is interventional pulmonology. Areas of interest include diagnosis and staging of lung cancer using endobronchial ultrasound, comparative effectiveness of bronchial stenting, impact of bronchoscopic interventions on quality adjusted survival, and impact of indwelling pleural catheters on quality adjusted survival and health care resource utilization.

Office Address

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
1515 Holcombe Blvd. - Unit 1462
Houston, TX 77030
Phone: 713-792-6238
Fax: 713-749-4922

Education & Training

Degree-Granting Education

2005 Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, MPH, Masters of Public Health
1990 Thomas Jefferson University Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, MD, Medicine
1986 Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, BS, Science

Board Certifications

2007 American Board of Internal Medicine, Subspecialty Critical Care
2006 American Board of Internal Medicine
1996 American Board of Internal Medicine, Subspecialty Pulmonary

Honors and Awards

2006 Alfred Sofer Award, American College of Chest Physicians

Professional Memberships

American Association of Bronchoscopy and Interventional Pulmonology
Board of Directors, 2001-2009
American College of Chest Physicians
Chair, American College of Bronchoscopy Registry, ACCP Quality Improvement Registry, Evaluation, and Education (AQuIRE) Program, 2008-2014
American Thoracic Society
Chair, Nominating Committee ATS Clinical Problems Assembly, 2000

Selected Publications

Peer-Reviewed Original Research Articles

1. Ost D, Jimenez CA, Lei X, Cantor S, Grosu H, Lazarus D, Faiz S, Bashoura L, Shannon V, Balachandran D, Noor L, Hashmi Y, Casal R, Morice R, Eapen G. Quality-adjusted survival following treatment of malignant pleural effusions with indwelling pleural catheters. Chest, doi: 10.1378/chest. 13-1908. e-Pub 2/2014.
2. Ost D, Niu J, Elting L, Buchholz TA, Giordano SH. Quality gaps and comparative effectiveness in lung cancer staging and diagnosis. Chest 145(2):331-345, doi: 10.1378/chest.13-1599, 2014.
3. Ost D, Niu J, Elting L, Buchholz TA, Giordano SH. Determinants of practice patterns and quality gaps in lung cancer staging and diagnosis. Chest, doi:10.1378/chest.13-1628. e-Pub 11/2013.
4. Grosu H, Casal R, Morice R, Nogueras-Gonzalez G, Eapen G, Ost D, Sarkiss M, Jimenez C. Bronchoscopic findings and bleeding control predict survival in patients with solid malignancies presenting with mild hemoptysis. Ann Am Thorac Soc 4:342-349, 8/2013.
5. Grosu HB, Morice RC, Ost D, Eapen GA, Jimenez CA. A watery mediastinal mass. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 187(10):1135-1136, 2013.
6. Ost DE, Yeung J, Tanoue LT, Gould M. Clinical and organizational factors in the initial evaluation of patients with lung cancer: Diagnosis and management of lung cancer. Chest 143:e121S-141S, 2013.
7. Yarmus LB, Akulian J, Lechtzin N, Yasin F, Ernst A, Ost DE, Ray C, Greenhill SR, Jimenez CA, Filner J, Feller-Kopman D. Comparison of 21-gauge and 22-gauge aspiration needle in endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration: results of the AQuIRE registry. Chest 143:1036-1043, doi: 10.1378/chest.12-1205, 2013.
8. Eapen GA, Shah AM, Lei X, Jimenez CA, Morice RC, Yarmus L, Filner J, Ray C, Michaud G, Greenhill SR, Sarkiss M, Casal R, Rice D, Ost DE. Complications, consequences, and practice patterns of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration: results of the AQuIRE registry. Chest 143:1044-1053, 2013.
9. Grosu HB, Jimenez CA, Morice RC, Ost D, Sarkiss MG, Eapen GA. Cryptogenic bronchial stenosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 187(3):327, 2013.
10. Casal RF, Bashoura L, Ost D, Chiu HT, Faiz SA, Jimenez CA, Morice RC, Eapen GA. Detecting Medical Device Complications: Lessons From an Indwelling Pleural Catheter Clinic. Am J Med Qual 28:69-75, 2013. e-Pub 7/2012. PMID: 22763365.
11. Barreda Garcia J, Lei X, Wierda W, Cortes J, Dickey B, Evans S, Ost D. Pneumonia during remission induction chemotherapy in patients with acute leukemia. Ann Am Thorac Soc 10:432-440, 2013.
12. Almeida F, Casal R, Jimenez C, Eapen G, Uzbeck M, Sarkiss M, Rice D, Morice R, Ost D. Quality gaps and comparative effectiveness in lung cancer staging: The impact of test sequencing on outcomes. Chest 144:1776-1782, 2013. e-Pub 5/2013.
13. Casal RF, Iribarren J, Eapen G, Ost D, Morice R, Lan C, Cornwell D, Almeida FA, Grosu H, Jimenez C. Safety and effectiveness of microdebrider bronchoscopy for the management of central airway obstruction. Respirology, doi: 100.1111/resp. 12087. e-Pub 2013.
14. Grosu HB, Eapen GA, Morice RC, Jimenez CA, Casal RF, Almeida FA, Sarkiss MG, Ost DE. Stents are associated with increased risk of respiratory infections in patients undergoing airway interventions for malignant airway disease. Chest 144:441-449, doi 10.1378/chest.12-1721, 2013. e-Pub 2/2013.
15. Nair A, Godoy MC, Holden EL, Madden BP, Chua F, Ost DE, Roos JE, Naidich DP, Vlahos I. Multidetector CT and Postprocessing in Planning and Assisting in Minimally Invasive Bronchoscopic Airway Interventions. Radiographics 32(5):E201-32, 9/2012. PMID: 22977038.
16. Casal RF, Staerkel GA, Ost D, Almeida FA, Uzbeck MH, Eapen GA, Jimenez CA, Nogueras-Gonzalez GM, Sarkiss M, Morice RC. Randomized clinical trial of endobronchial ultrasound needle biopsy with and without aspiration. Chest 142(3):568-573, doi:10.1378/chest.11-0692, 9/2012. e-Pub 12/2011. PMID: 22156610.
17. Grosu HB, Jimenez CA, Eapen GA, Ost D, Moran C, Morice RC. The iron lady. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 186(5):460, 9/2012. PMID: 22942346.
18. Grosu HB, Morice RC, Almeida FA, Ost D, Eapen GA, Jimenez CA. A flexible knot to untie. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 185(11):1244, 6/2012. PMID: 22661525.
19. Ost DE, Shah AM, Lei X, Godoy MC, Jimenez CA, Eapen GA, Jani P, Larson AJ, Sarkiss MG, Morice RC. Respiratory Infections Increase the Risk of Granulation Tissue Formation Following Airway Stenting in Patients with Malignant Airway Obstruction. Chest 141(6):1473-81, 6/2012. e-Pub 12/2011. PMID: 22194585.
20. Shah A, Ost D, Eapen GA, Morice RC, Jimenez CA. Diagnostic methylene blue test for stent covered tracheoesophageal fistula. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 185(7):e9, 4/2012. PMID: 22467810.
21. Ost DE, Gould MK. Decision Making in the Patient with Pulmonary Nodules. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 185(4):363-72, 2/2012. e-Pub 10/2011. PMCID: PMC3361350.
22. Shah AM, Morice RC, Ost D, Eapen GA, Betancourt SL, Jimenez CA. High-riding pericardial recess mimicking metastatic mediastinal lymph node. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 185(1):e1, 1/2012. PMID: 22210796.
23. Ost DE, Ernst A, Lei X, Feller-Kopman D, Eapen GA, Kovitz KL, Herth FJ, Simoff M, AQuIRE Bronchoscopy Registry. Diagnostic yield of endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration: results of the AQuIRE registry. Chest 140(6):1557-1566, 12/2011. e-Pub 6/2011. PMID: 21659432.
24. Peñuelas O, Frutos-Vivar F, Fernández C, Anzueto A, Epstein SK, Apezteguía C, González M, Nin N, Raymondos K, Tomicic V, Desmery P, Arabi Y, Pelosi P, Kuiper M, Jibaja M, Matamis D, Ferguson ND, Esteban A, Ventila Group. As part of the Ventila Group, site PI.. Characteristics and outcomes of ventilated patients according to time to liberation from mechanical ventilation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 184(4):430-7, 8/2011. PMID: 21616997.
25. Lombardi R, Nin N, Lorente JA, Frutos-Vivar F, Ferguson ND, Hurtado J, Apezteguia C, Desmery P, Raymondos K, Tomicic V, Cakar N, González M, Elizalde J, Nightingale P, Abroug F, Jibaja M, Arabi Y, Moreno R, Matamis D, Anzueto A, Esteban A, VENTILA Group. As part of the Ventila Group, site PI.. An assessment of the Acute Kidney Injury Network creatinine-based criteria in patients submitted to mechanical ventilation. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6(7):1547-55, 7/2011. e-Pub 6/2011. PMID: 21700822.
26. Pelosi P, Ferguson ND, Frutos-Vivar F, Anzueto A, Putensen C, Raymondos K, Apezteguia C, Desmery P, Hurtado J, Abroug F, Elizalde J, Tomicic V, Cakar N, Gonzalez M, Arabi Y, Moreno R, Esteban A, Ventila Study Group. As part of the Ventila Group, site PI.. Management and outcome of mechanically ventilated neurologic patients. Crit Care Med 39(6):1482-92, 6/2011. PMID: 21378554.
27. Kett DH, Azoulay E, Echeverria PM, Vincent JL, Extended Prevalence of Infection in ICU Study (EPIC II) Group of Investigators. As part of the EPIC II investigators, site PI.. Candida bloodstream infections in intensive care units: analysis of the extended prevalence of infection in intensive care unit study. Crit Care Med 39(4):665-70, 4/2011. PMID: 21169817.
28. Filner JJ, Bonura EJ, Lau ST, Abounasr KK, Naidich D, Morice RC, Eapen GA, Jimenez CA, Casal RF, Ost D. Bronchoscopic fibered confocal fluorescence microscopy image characteristics and pathologic correlations. J Bronchol Intervent Pulmonol 18(1):23-30, 1/2011.
29. Casal RF, Jimenez CA, Mehran RJ, Eapen GA, Ost D, Sarkiss M, Morice RC. Infected mediastinal bronchogenic cyst successfully treated by endobronchial ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration. Ann Thorac Surg 90(4):e52-3, 10/2010. PMID: 20868780.
30. Morice RC, Jimenez CA, Eapen GA, Mehran RJ, Keus L, Ost D. Using quantitative breath sound measurements to predict lung function following resection. J Cardiothorac Surg 5(1). e-Pub 10/2010. PMID: 20939900.
31. Ernst A, Simoff M, Ost D, Michaud G, Chandra D, Herth FJ. A Multi-Center, Prospective, Advanced Diagnostic Bronchoscopy Outcomes Registry. Chest 138(1):165-70, 7/2010. e-Pub 4/2010. PMID: 20363846.
32. Ost DE, Poch D, Fadel A, Wettimuny S, Ginocchio C, Wang XP. Mini-bronchoalveolar lavage quantitative polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia. Crit Care Med 38(7):1536-41, 7/2010. e-Pub 5/2010. PMID: 20473148.
33. Ost D, Eapen GA, Jimenez CA, Morice RC. Improving procedural training and certification in pulmonary medicine. Chest 137(1):6-8, 1/2010. PMID: 20051398.
34. Sterman DH, Mehta AC, Wood DE, Mathur PN, McKenna RJ, Ost DE, Truwit JD, Diaz P, Wahidi MM, Cerfolio R, Maxfield R, Musani AI, Gildea T, Sheski F, Machuzak M, Haas AR, Gonzalez HX, Springmeyer SC, IBV Valve US Pilot Trial Research Team. A multicenter pilot study of a bronchial valve for the treatment of severe emphysema. Respiration 79(3):222-33, 2010. e-Pub 11/2009. PMID: 19923790.
35. Ozcakar B, Martinez CH, Morice RC, Eapen GA, Ost D, Sarkiss MG, Chiu HT, Jimenez CA. Does pleural fluid appearance really matter? The relationship between fluid appearance and cytology, cell counts, and chemical laboratory measurements in pleural effusions of patients with cancer. J Cardiothorac Surg 5:63, 2010. PMCID: PMC2933602.
36. Springmeyer SC, Bolliger CT, Waddell TK, Gonzalez X, Wood DE, IBV Valve Pilot Trials Research Teams. As part of the IBV Pilot trials team, site PI for trial.. Treatment of heterogeneous emphysema using the spiration IBV valves. Thorac Surg Clin 19(2):247-53, ix-x, 5/2009. PMID: 19662968.
37. Ost D, Shah R, Anasco E, Lusardi L, Doyle J, Austin C, Fein A. A randomized trial of CT fluoroscopic-guided bronchoscopy vs conventional bronchoscopy in patients with suspected lung cancer. Chest 134(3):507-13, 9/2008. e-Pub 7/2008. PMID: 18641093.
38. Ernst A, Simoff M, Ost D, Goldman Y, Herth FJ. Prospective risk-adjusted morbidity and mortality outcome analysis after therapeutic bronchoscopic procedures: results of a multi-institutional outcomes database. Chest 134(3):514-9, 9/2008. e-Pub 7/2008. PMID: 18641088.
39. Godoy MC, Ost D, Geiger B, Novak C, Nonaka D, Vlahos I, Naidich DP. Utility of virtual bronchoscopy-guided transbronchial biopsy for the diagnosis of pulmonary sarcoidosis: report of two cases. Chest 134(3):630-6, 9/2008. e-Pub 5/2008. PMID: 18490401.
40. Ost D, Goldberg J, Rolnitzky L, Rom WN. Survival after surgery in stage IA and IB non-small cell lung cancer. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177(5):516-23, 3/2008. e-Pub 11/2007. PMCID: PMC2258444.
41. Esteban A, Ferguson ND, Meade MO, Frutos-Vivar F, Apezteguia C, Brochard L, Raymondos K, Nin N, Hurtado J, Tomicic V, González M, Elizalde J, Nightingale P, Abroug F, Pelosi P, Arabi Y, Moreno R, Jibaja M, D'Empaire G, Sandi F, Matamis D, Montañez AM, Anzueto A, VENTILA Group. As part of the Ventila Group, site PI.. Evolution of mechanical ventilation in response to clinical research. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177(2):170-177, 1/2008. e-Pub 10/2007. PMID: 17962636.
42. Corwin HL, Gettinger A, Fabian TC, May A, Pearl RG, Heard S, An R, Bowers PJ, Burton P, Klausner MA, Corwin MJ, EPO Critical Care Trials Group. As part of EPI Trials Group, site PI.. Efficacy and safety of epoetin alfa in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 357(10):965-76., 9/2007. PMID: 17804841.
43. Wood DE, McKenna RJ, Yusen RD, Sterman DH, Ost DE, Springmeyer SC, Gonzalez HX, Mulligan MS, Gildea T, Houck WV, Machuzak M, Mehta AC. A multicenter trial of an intrabronchial valve for treatment of severe emphysema. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 133(1):65-73, 1/2007. e-Pub 12/2006. PMID: 17198782.
44. Ost D, Tepper J, Mihara H, Lander O, Heinzer R, Fein A. Duration of anticoagulation following venous thromboembolism: a meta-analysis. JAMA 294:706-15, 2005. PMID: 16091573.
45. Spragg R, Lewis J, Walmrath H, et al for the Venticute Study Group. As part of the Venticute Study Group, site PI. Effect of recombinant surfactant protein C-based surfactant on the acute-respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl J Med 351:884-92, 2004.
46. Bernard GR, Margolis BD, Shanies HM, Ely EW, Wheeler AP, Levy H, Wong K, Wright T, for the Extended Evaluation of Recombinant Human Activated Protein C United States Investigators. As part of the ENHANCE study group, site PI. Extended Evaluation of Recombinant Human Activated Protein C United States Trial (ENHANCE US): A Single-Arm, Phase 3B, Multicenter Study of Drotrecogin Alfa (Activated) in Severe Sepsis. Chest 125:2206-2216, 2004.
47. Ost D, Khanna D, Shah R, Hall CS, Shah S, Lesser M, Fein AM. Theory Versus Practice: Impact of spiral computed tomography on the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in a community hospital setting. Respiration 71:450-7, 2004. PMID: 15467321.
48. Mojavarian A, Ost D. Tracheobronchial Glomus Tumor. J Bronchology 11:188-193, 2004.
49. Ost DE, Hall CS, Joseph G, Ginocchio C, Condon S, Kao E, LaRusso M, Itzla R, Fein AM. Decision analysis of antibiotic and diagnostic strategies in ventilator-associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:1060-7, 11/2003. PMID: 12842855.
50. Friedman D, Shulman L, Ost D, Fein A. Dual stenting of bronchoesophageal fistula. J Bronchol 10:272-275, 2003.
51. Ernst A, Freitag L, Feller-Kopman D, LoCicero J, Ost D. Photodynamic therapy for endobronchial obstruction is safely performed with flexible bronchoscopy. J Bronchol Intervent Pulmonol 10:260-263, 2003.
52. The MATISSE Investigators. Subcutaneous Fondaparinux versus intravenous unfractionated heparin in the initial treatment of pulmonary embolism. N Engl J Med 349:1695-1702, 2003.
53. Ost D, DeRosiers A, Britt E J, Fein A, Lesser M, Mehta A. Assessment of a bronchoscopy simulator. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:1-8, 2001.
54. Ost D, Rozenshtein A, Saffran L, Snider A. The negative predictive value of spiral CT for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in patients with nondiagnostic Ventilation-perfusion scans. Am J Med 110:16-21, 2001.
55. Saffron LS, Ost D, Fein AM, Schiff MJ. Outpatient pleurodesis of malignant pleural effusions, using a small bore pigtail catheter. Chest 118:417-22, 2000.
56. Shah S, Ost D. Photodynamic Therapy: A case series demonstrating its role in mechanically ventilated patients. Chest 118:1419-1423, 2000.
57. Ost D, Joseph C, Sogoloff H, Menezes G. Primary pulmonary melanoma: case report and literature review. Mayo Clinic Proc 74:62-66, 1999.
58. Ost D, Yeldandi A, Cugell D. Acute sarcoid myositis: case report and review of the literature. Chest 107:879-82, 1995.
59. Sachs MK, Huang CM, Ost D, Jungkind DL. Failure of dithiothreitol and pronase to reveal a false-positive cryptococcal antigen determination in cerebrospinal fluid. Am J Clin Pathol 96:381-4, 1991.
60. Owen CS, Sykes NL, Shuler RL, Ost D. Non-calcium environmental sensitivity of intracellular Indo-1. Analytical Biochemistry 192:142-8, 1991.

Invited Articles

1. Casal RF, Ost DE, Eapen G. Flexible bronchoscopy. Clin Chest Med 34:341-352, 2013.
2. Lazarus DR, Ost DE. How and when to use genetic markers for nonsmall cell lung cancer. Curr Opin Pulm Med 19:331-339, 2013.
3. Lazarus DR, Ost DE. The solitary pulmonary nodule – Deciding when to act? Semin Respir Crit Care Med 34:748-761, 2013.
4. Grosu HB, Eapen GA, Jimenez CA, Morice RC, Ost D. Lung cancer screening: making the transition from research to clinical practice. Curr Opin Pulm Med 18(4):295-303, 7/2012. PMID: 22617813.
5. Almeida FA, Uzbeck M, Ost D. Initial evaluation of the nonsmall cell lung cancer patient: diagnosis and staging. Curr Opin Pulm Med 16(4):307-14, 7/2010. PMID: 20453649.
6. Amdo T, Godoy MC, Ost D, Naidich DP. Imaging-bronchoscopic correlations for interventional pulmonology. Thorac Surg Clin 20(1):103-19, 2/2010. PMID: 20378063.
7. Amdo T, Godoy MC, Ost D, Naidich DP. Imaging-bronchoscopic correlations for interventional pulmonology. Radiol Clin North Am 47(2):271-87, 3/2009. PMID: 19249456.
8. Poch DS, Ost DE. What are the important risk factors for healthcare-associated pneumonia? Semin Respir Crit Care Med 30(1):26-35, 2/2009. e-Pub 2/2009. PMID: 19199184.
9. Sarkiss M, Casal R, Ost D, Morice R, Eapen G, Jimenez C. Anesthesia for interventional bronchoscopy. Minverva Pneumol(231-42), 48, 2009.
10. Filner JJ, Ost D. Principles of staging as applied to nonsmall cell lung cancer. Curr Opin Pulm Med 14(4):287-91, 7/2008. PMID: 18520260.
11. Kollef MH, Morrow LE, Baughman RP, Craven DE, McGowan JE, Micek ST, Niederman MS, Ost D, Paterson DL, Segreti J. Health care-associated pneumonia (HCAP): a critical appraisal to improve identification, management, and outcomes--proceedings of the HCAP Summit. Clin Infect Dis 46:S296-334, 4/2008. PMID: 18429676.
12. Gould MK, Fletcher J, Iannettoni MD, Lynch WR, Midthun DE, Naidich DP, Ost DE. Evaluation of patients with pulmonary nodules: when is it lung cancer?: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (2nd edition). Chest 132(3 Suppl):108S-130S, 9/2007. PMID: 17873164.
13. Shulman L, Ost D. Advances in bronchoscopic diagnosis of lung cancer. Curr Opin Pulm Med 13(4):271-7, 7/2007. PMID: 17534172.
14. Edelson J, Shah R, Ost D. A 45 year old man with left lung hypoperfusion and possible pulmonary embolism. Chest 128(2):1032-6, 8/2005. PMID: 16100204.
15. Shulman L, Ost D. Managing infection in the critical care unit: how can infection control make the ICU safe? Crit Care Clin 21(1):111-28, 1/2005. PMID: 15579356.
16. Ost D, Fein A. Management strategies for the solitary pulmonary nodule. Curr Opin Pulm Med 10:272-8, 2004.
17. Hall CS, Ost D. Effectiveness of programs to decrease antimicrobial resistance in the intensive care unit. Sem Resp Infect 18:112-121, 2003.
18. Ost D. Photodynamic therapy in lung cancer. Methods Mol Med 75:507-26, 2003.
19. Ost D, Fein A. The role of invasive diagnostic techniques in pneumonia. Sem Resp Infect 18:65-67., 2003.
20. Ost D, Fein AM, Feinsilver SH. The solitary pulmonary nodule. New England Journal of Medicine 348:2535-42, 2003.
21. Ost D. The structure of a computer-assisted treatment plan for inpatients- meeting standards and improving care. (Invited commentary). J Information Tech in Healthcare 1:183-185, 2003.
22. Khanna D, Ost D. Life Threatening Infections in the Upper Airway, Part 1. J. Crit Illness 17:10-21, 2002.
23. Khanna D, Ost D. Life Threatening Infections in the Upper Airway, Part 2. J Crit Illness 17:134-140, 2002.
24. Mehrishi S, Ost D. Photodynamic Therapy: How I do it. Journal of Bronchology 9:218-222, 2002.
25. Ost D, Fein AM. Evaluation and Management of the Solitary Pulmonary Nodule. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 162:782-787., 2000.
26. Ost D. Photodynamic Therapy in Lung Cancer. Oncology 14:379-392, 2000.
27. Ost D, Joseph C, Sogoloff H, Menezes G. Pulmonary Melanoma. Resp Dis 6:14-18, 2000.
28. Saffron L, Ost D. Management of Malignant Pleural Effusions. Emergency Medicine:pp 63-71, 6/1999.
29. Ost D. Solitary Pulmonary Nodules. Emergency Medicine:pp 90-97, 10/1998.
30. Ost D. Life Threatening Deep Neck Space Infections. Clin Pulm Med 4:316-23, 1997.
31. Ost D, Filderman A. Evaluation and management of the solitary pulmonary nodule. Contemporary Internal Medicine 8:72-84, 1996.
32. Ost D, Corbridge T. Independent Lung Ventilation. Clinics in Chest Medicine 17:591-602, 1996.

Last updated: 7/17/2014