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Gottumukkala S. Raju, M.D. FACG, FASGE

Present Title & Affiliation

Primary Appointment

John Stroehlein Distinguished Professor of Gastroenterology, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepat,& Nutr, Division of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
Founding Co-Editor-in-Chief, Video GIE, an official journal of ASGE, American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Downers Grove, IL

Bio Statement

Dr. Raju is passionate about service.  His interests include colon cancer prevention, education, video journalism, and service to the community. 

  • "Hands that serve are holier than lips that pray", Saibaba.
    • Colon Cancer Prevention: Raju is passionate about colon cancer prevention and is grateful to H-E-B Gastrointestinal Cancer Prevention, Research, and Education Endowment created by Mr. Charles Butt  (2016) and John Stroehlein Endowed Distinguished Professorship for their support.  Philanthropy helps full time clinicians remain at the cutting edge of clinical care, research, education, and service to the society as outlined below. 
    • Education & Video Journalism: Raju is passionate about education of the future generations of endoscopists and endoscopy assistants.
      • As the Co-Editor-in-Chief of Video GIE, an official, open access, video journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, he is passionate about improving education of endoscopists and their teams around the world (2016). It all started with the launch of ASGE Video Editing Training Scholarship Program (2007), development of Video GIE section in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Journal (2013), and final launch of Video GIE as an independent journal (2016) - Raju was part of this journey right from the beginning working with so many of his ASGE friends and colleagues.
      • Raju is currently exploring with the President of the Coleman Community College in Texas Medical Center to develop a training program for future generation of endoscopy assistants (this is critical for better endoscopic care of patients; currently, there are no programs dedicated to train endoscopy assistants in Texas (2016)
    • Service to the Community:  The American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) offers opportunities for community service for endoscopists. 

Research Interests

Dr.Raju's team is interested in colon cancer prevention and endoscopic resection of colon polyps as an alternative to surgery. 

  • Endoscopic closure of colon perforations: This investigative work in the animal laboratory at the University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, formed the basis for clinical care of patients with large polyps who are at high risk for perforation.
  • Endoscopic mucosal resection of colon polyps as an alternative to surgery:   Our team is able to avoid surgery in 75% of patients with large and flat lesions that could not removed in a community practice.
  • Quality improvement in colonoscopy: Developed the Natural Language Processing Program as an alternative to manual method to measure quality of colonoscopy (recipient of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center DOIM First Annual Quality Improvement Distinguished Paper Award)
  • Past Research Profile: Publications for lookup.
  • Future Research: Dr. Raju started two studies to understand the biology of subtle and flat precancerous lesions that are difficult to recognize and resect in collaboration with basic scientists and epidemiologists.
    • A. Prospective Cohort Study of Endoscopic Resection of Large & Flat Lesions
    • B. Serrated Lesions of the Colon

Clinical Interests

Dr. Raju sees patients in the COLON POLYP CLINIC that is dedicated to high quality colon cancer screening and resection of large and flat lesions as an alternative to surgery.

  • Endoscopic Mucosal Resection: Dr. Raju has resected over 400 large flat lesions between 2009 and 2014, with over 200 lesions referred from outside that would have required surgery. The bleeding rate is less than 5%, perforation rate less than 1%; and none required surgery for management of bleeding or perforation. The residual adenoma at 6 months was less than 3% (you could check his EMR experience and  look up his outcomes).

  • Colon cancer screening: Dr.Raju offers colon cancer screening, with a high adenoma detection rate (>50% in men; > 35% in women; you could look up the adenoma detection rates.)

  • Dr. Raju's YouTube colonoscopy education channel shares colonoscopy techniques to prevent  COLON CANCER PREVENTION through better detection and resection with over 500 videos and 400,000 views.
  • Dr. Raju's facebook education channel - Endoscopist -shares tips on endoscopy and colonoscopy.

Office Address

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
1515 Holcombe Blvd
Unit Number: 1466
Houston, TX 77030
Phone: (713) 794-5073
Email: gsraju@mdanderson.org; YOUTUBE CHANNEL: www.youtube.com/user/GottumukkalaSRaju

Education & Training

Degree-Granting Education

1992 Royal College of Physicians, London, United Kingdom, MRCP, Medicine
1989 Delhi University, New Delhi, India, DM, Gastroenterology
1986 PGIMER, Chandigarh, India, MD, Internal Medicine
1982 Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, India, MBBS, Medicine

Postgraduate Training

7/1997-6/1998 Interventional Endoscopy, Beth Israel & Deaconess Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
7/1995-6/1997 GI Fellowship, University of Iowa, Iowa, IA
7/1993-6/1995 Internal Medicine Residency, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH

Board Certifications

2007 Gastroenterology (ABIM) - Top 10 decile

Experience/Service

Academic Appointments

Professor, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepat,& Nutr, Division of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 1/2009-present
Professor, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, 9/2006-12/2008
Associate Professor, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Galveston, TX, 5/2001-8/2006
Assistant Professor, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, 7/1998-5/2001

Administrative Appointments/Responsibilities

GI Fellowship Site Director, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepat,& Nutr, Division of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 9/2011-present
Director of Endoscopy, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Galveston, TX, 5/2001-12/2008
Director of Endoscopy, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, 7/1998-5/2001

Institutional Committee Activities

Steering Committee, Premalignant Genome Atlas Program, 2014-present
Chair, GHN Tissue Bank, 2013-present
Member, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center GME, 9/2011-present

Honors and Awards

2016-present Founding Co-Editor-in-Chief of Video GIE, an official journal of the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2016-present H-E-B Gastrointestinal Cancer Prevention, Research, & Education Endowement, Donor: Mr. Charles Butt, H-E-B
2016-2017 DOIM First Annual Quality Improvement Distinguished Paper Award, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center - Department of Internal Medicine
2016 American College of Gastroenterology Edgar Achkar Visiting Professorship, American College of Gastroenterology
2016 President's Recognition for service to the society & launch of a video journal for endoscopists, American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2015-present John Stroehlein Distinguished Professorship, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
2014 Distinguished Service Award - American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2014 President's Recognition for Faculty Excellence, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
2013-2016 Chair, ASGE Educational Products Committee, American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2013-2016 Editor, Video GIE, American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2012-present Super Doctors, SuperDoctors.com
2012-2013 King of the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - EndoFest, American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2012 33rd Annual Telly Award for the Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Story of Choices. Patient Education Video, The Telly Awards
2012 Co-Director - ASGE Postgraduate Course at the Annual ACG Meeting, American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2012 GOLD LEVEL AWARD in the Association TRENDS' 2012 All-Media Contest for the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Self Assessment Program (GESAP VII), the TRENDS ALL Media Contest
2011-present Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare, Marquis
2011 Health and Science Communications Association Award -"Colonoscopy & Colon Cancer Prevention" Patient Education Video, National Health Information Awards Judges
2011 MarCom Award - Gold Level Award for the Online Learning Center of the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Association of Marketing and Communications Professionals
2011 National Health Information Award, National Health Information Award
2010-2014 Editor, CME Section of GIE (an official journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy), American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2010 ASGE Audio-Visual Award for the production of an educational video "Endoscopic Management of GI Leaks", American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2008-present Alfa Omega Alfa Society, AOA of the University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX
2007-present Fellow, American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2007-present Top Docs of America, Top Doctors of America
2006 Physician of the year honoree, Mardi Gras, Galveston, TX, Galveston, Texas
2005-2009 Editor, CME Section of GIE (an official journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy), American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2004-present Best Doctors of America, Best Doctors of America
2004 Fellow, Royal College of Physicians, UK
2002-present Fellow, American College of Gastroenterology
1993-1995 Best Graduating Resident of the Year in Internal Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio
1981 Vemuri Shivaji Rao Gold Medal in Medicine, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnum, India
1980-1981 Ranked first in Internal Medicine among 150 medical students, Andhra University, Visakhapatnum, India
1980-1981 Ranked second in Final MBBS among 150 medical students, Andhra University, Visakhapatnum, India
1980 Ranked second in Eye & ENT among 150 medical students, Andhra University, Visakhapatnum, India
1980 Sri Ramachandrula Hanumantha Rao & Rajya Lakshmi Merit Scholarship, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnum, India
1980 Tatachari Gold Medal in Pathology, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnum, India
1979-1980 Ranked first in Microbiology among 150 medical students, Andhra University, Visakhapatnum, India
1979-1980 Ranked first in Pathology among 150 medical students, Andhra University, Visakhapatnum, India
1979-1980 Ranked first in Second MBBS among 150 medical students, Andhra University, Visakhapatnum, India
1976-1977 Ranked first in Organic Chemistry among 150 medical students, Nagarjuna University, Guntur, AP, India
1976 Andhra Pradesh State Merit Scholarship- Top 1% of the candidates, Andhra Pradesh High School Board, Hyderabad, AP, India

Professional Memberships

American College of Gastroenterology
Fellow, 2002-present
American Soceity of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Fellow, 2007-present
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Downers Grove, IL
Member of the ASGE Strategic Planning Committee, 4/2015-8/2015
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Dover Grove, IL
Narrow Band Imaging Task Force, 1/2015-12/2015
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Downers Grove
Co-Chair, Planning Committee for the ASGE-DDW Video Plenary Session & World Cup of Endoscopy, 2014-2016
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Chicago
Editor, VideoGIE, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Journal, 8/2013-present
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Chicago, IL
Chair, ASGE Educational Products Committee, 6/2013-5/2016
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Downers Grove, IL
Chair, ASGE - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Self Assessment Program VIII, 2013-2014
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Chicago, IL
Member of Strategic Planning Committee, 5/2011
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Downers Grove, IL
Editor, CME Section - Gastrointestinal Endosocopy, 2010-2014
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Chicago
Chair, Web Education Committee, 2010-2012
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Downers Grove, IL
Co-Chair, ASGE - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Self Assessment Program VII, 2010-2011
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Vice-Chair, Web Education Committee, 2007-2010
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Oakbrook, IL
Co-Chair, ASGE - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Self Assessment Program VI, 2007-2008
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Oakbrook, IL
Editor, CME Section - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 2005-2009
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Oakbrook, IL
Co-Chair, ASGE - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Self Assessment Program V, 2004-2005
Royal College of Physicians, UK
Fellow, 2004

Selected Publications

Peer-Reviewed Original Research Articles

1. Raju GS, Lum PJ, Ross WA, Thirumurthi S, Miller E, Lynch PM, Lee JH, Bhutani MS, Shafi MA, Weston BR, Pande M, Bresalier RS, Rashid A, Mishra L, Davila ML, Stroehlein JR. Outcome of EMR as an alternative to surgery in patients with complex colon polyps. Gastrointest Endosc 84(2):315-25, 8/2016. e-Pub 2/6/2016. PMCID: PMC4949087.
2. Lynch PM, Morris JS, Wen S, Advani SM, Ross W, Chang GJ, Rodriguez-Bigas M, Raju GS, Ricciardiello L, Iwama T, Rossi BM, Pellise M, Stoffel E, Wise PE, Bertario L, Saunders B, Burt R, Belluzzi A, Ahnen D, Matsubara N, Bülow S, Jespersen N, Clark SK, Erdman SH, Markowitz AJ, Bernstein I, De Haas N, Syngal S, Moeslein G. A proposed staging system and stage-specific interventions for familial adenomatous polyposis. Gastrointest Endosc 84(1):115-125.e4, 7/2016. e-Pub 1/6/2016. PMID: 26769407.
3. Thirumurthi S, Ross WA, Raju GS. Can Technology Improve the Quality of Colonoscopy? Curr Gastroenterol Rep 18(7):38, 7/2016. PMID: 27255334.
4. Ertem F, Dashwood WM, Rajendran P, Raju G, Rashid A, Dashwood R. Development of a murine colonoscopic polypectomy model (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 83(6):1272-6, 6/2016. e-Pub 11/30/2015. PMCID: PMC4875801.
5. Law R, Das A, Gregory D, Komanduri S, Muthusamy R, Rastogi A, Vargo J, Wallace MB, Raju GS, Mounzer R, Klapman J, Shah J, Watson R, Wilson R, Edmundowicz SA, Wani S. Endoscopic resection is cost-effective compared with laparoscopic resection in the management of complex colon polyps: an economic analysis. Gastrointest Endosc 83(6):1248-57, 6/2016. e-Pub 12/1/2015. PMID: 26608129.
6. Hagan KB, Thirumurthi S, Gottumukkala R, Vargo J. Sedation in the Endoscopy Suite. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 14(2):194-209, 6/2016. PMID: 27000038.
7. Rao AK, Soetikno R, Raju GS, Lum P, Rouse RV, Sato T, Titzer-Schwarzl D, Aisenberg J, Kaltenbach T. Large Sessile Serrated Polyps Can Be Safely and Effectively Removed by Endoscopic Mucosal Resection. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 14(4):568-74, 4/2016. e-Pub 10/20/2015. PMID: 26499926.
8. Cassani LS, Raju GS. Techniques for management of bleeding associated with colonic endoscopic mucosal resection. Gastrointest Endosc 83(2):469-70, 2/2016. e-Pub 9/1/2015. PMID: 26341854.
9. Daniel CR, Shu X, Ye Y, Gu J, Raju GS, Kopetz S, Wu X. Severe obesity prior to diagnosis limits survival in colorectal cancer patients evaluated at a large cancer centre. Br J Cancer 114(1):103-9, 1/12/2016. e-Pub 12/17/2015. PMCID: PMC4716542.
10. Thirumurthi S, Raju GS. How to deal with large colorectal polyps: snare, endoscopic mucosal resection, and endoscopic submucosal dissection; resect or refer? Curr Opin Gastroenterol 32(1):26-31, 1/2016. PMID: 26627920.
11. Chen J, Raju GS, Jogunoori W, Menon V, Majumdar A, Chen JS, Gi YJ, Jeong YS, Phan L, Belkin M, Gu S, Kundra S, Mistry NA, Zhang J, Su X, Li S, Lin SH, Javle M, McMurray JS, Rahlfs TF, Mishra B, White J, Rashid A, Beauchemin N, Weston BR, Shafi MA, Stroehlein JR, Davila M, Akbani R, Weinstein JN, Wu X, Mishra L. Mutational Profiles Reveal an Aberrant TGF-β-CEA Regulated Pathway in Colon Adenomas. PLoS One 11(4):e0153933, 2016. e-Pub 4/21/2016. PMCID: PMC4839765.
12. Tang SJ, Raju G. Endoscopic photography and image documentation. Gastrointest Endosc 82(5):925-31, 11/2015. e-Pub 7/2015. PMID: 26142557.
13. Raju GS, Lum PJ, Slack RS, Thirumurthi S, Lynch PM, Miller E, Weston BR, Davila ML, Bhutani MS, Shafi MA, Bresalier RS, Dekovich AA, Lee JH, Guha S, Pande M, Blechacz B, Rashid A, Routbort M, Shuttlesworth G, Mishra L, Stroehlein JR, Ross WA. Natural Language Processing as an Alternative to Manual Reporting of Colonoscopy Quality Metrics. Gastrointest Endosc 82(3):512-9, 9/2015. e-Pub 4/2015. PMCID: PMC4540652.
14. Ross WA, Thirumurthi S, Lynch PM, Rashid A, Pande M, Shafi MA, Lee JH, Raju GS. Detection rates of premalignant polyps during screening colonoscopy: Time to revise quality standards? Gastrointest Endosc 81(3):567-74, 3/2015. e-Pub 1/2015. PMCID: PMC4340745.
15. Didwaniya N, Reddy A, Gottumukkala RS, Bruera E. What is your gut feeling about opioid rotation? J Clin Oncol 33(3):e11-2, 1/20/2015. e-Pub 3/3/2014. PMID: 24590650.
16. Haito-Chavez Y, Law JK, Kratt T, Arezzo A, Verra M, Morino M, Sharaiha RZ, Poley JW, Kahaleh M, Thompson CC, Ryan MB, Choksi N, Elmunzer BJ, Gosain S, Goldberg EM, Modayil RJ, Stavropoulos SN, Schembre DB, DiMaio CJ, Chandrasekhara V, Hasan MK, Varadarajulu S, Hawes R, Gomez V, Woodward TA, Rubel-Cohen S, Fluxa F, Vleggaar FP, Akshintala VS, Raju GS, Khashab MA. International multicenter experience with an over-the-scope clipping device for endoscopic management of GI defects (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 80(4):610-22, 10/2014. e-Pub 6/2014. PMID: 24908191.
17. Raju GS. Endoscopic clip closure of gastrointestinal perforations, fistulae, and leaks. Dig Endosc 26 Suppl 1:95-104, 1/2014. e-Pub 11/2013. PMID: 24373001.
18. Lee JH, Krishna SG, Singh A, Ladha HS, Slack RS, Ramireddy S, Raju GS, Davila M, Ross WA. Comparison of the utility of covered metal stents versus uncovered metal stents in the management of malignant biliary strictures in 749 patients. Gastrointest Endosc 78(2):312-24, 8/2013. e-Pub 4/13/2013. PMID: 23591331.
19. Eisen G, Raju GS, Baron T. VideoGIE - launch! Gastrointest Endosc 78(2):225, 8/2013. PMID: 23867372.
20. Wang W, Shpaner A, Krishna SG, Ross WA, Bhutani MS, Tamm EP, Raju GS, Xiao L, Wolff RA, Fleming JB, Lee JH. Use of EUS-FNA in diagnosing pancreatic neoplasm without a definitive mass on CT. Gastrointest Endosc 78(1):73-80, 7/2013. e-Pub 3/21/2013. PMID: 23523302.
21. Raju GS, Vadyala V, Slack R, Krishna SG, Ross WA, Lynch PM, Bresalier RS, Hawk E, Stroehlein JR. Adenoma detection in patients undergoing a comprehensive colonoscopy screening. Cancer Med 2(3):391-402, 6/2013. e-Pub 4/20/2013. PMCID: PMC3699850.
22. Gomez-Esquivel R, Raju GS. Endoscopic closure of acute esophageal perforations. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 15(5):321, 5/2013. PMID: 23558969.
23. Atiq M, Bhutani MS, Ross WA, Raju GS, Gong Y, Tamm EP, Javle M, Wang X, Lee JH. Role of endoscopic ultrasonography in evaluation of metastatic lesions to the pancreas: a tertiary cancer center experience. Pancreas 42(3):516-23, 4/2013. PMID: 23211369.
24. Chen WC, Maru DM, Abraham SC, Tan D, Raju GS. Endoscopic clip tamponade of bleeding: a novel adjunct technique for endoscopic mucosal resection. Endoscopy 45 Suppl 2 UCTN:E104-5, 2013. e-Pub 3/22/2013. PMID: 23526499.
25. Chen WC, Weston B, Krishna SG, Gomez G, Rashid A, Katz MH, Lee JE, Raju GS. Prolonged endoscopic loop ligation for removal of gastrointestinal tumors. Endoscopy 45 Suppl 2 UCTN:E69-70, 2013. e-Pub 3/2013. PMID: 23526523.
26. Sodikoff JB, Keilin SA, Cai Q, Bharmal SJ, Lewis MM, Raju GS, Willingham FF. Mycophenolate mofetil for maintenance of remission in steroid-dependent autoimmune pancreatitis. World J Gastroenterol 18(18):2287-90, 5/14/2012. PMCID: PMC3351781.
27. Beck WC, Bhutani MS, Raju GS, Nealon WH. Surgical management of late sequelae in survivors of an episode of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. J Am Coll Surg 214(4):682-8; discussion 688-90, 4/2012. PMID: 22463910.
28. Jaganmohan S, Lynch PM, Raju RP, Ross WA, Lee JE, Raju GS, Bhutani MS, Fleming JB, Lee JH. Endoscopic Management of Duodenal Adenomas in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis-A Single-Center Experience. Dig Dis Sci 57(3):732-7, 3/2012. e-Pub 9/30/2011. PMID: 21960285.
29. Atiq M, Bhutani MS, Bektas M, Lee JE, Gong Y, Tamm EP, Shah CP, Ross WA, Yao J, Raju GS, Wang X, Lee JH. EUS-FNA for Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Tertiary Cancer Center Experience. Dig Dis Sci 57(3):791-800, 3/2012. e-Pub 10/1/2011. PMID: 21964743.
30. Atiq M, Gong Y, Raju GS, Lee JH. Pancreatic Endocrine Microadenomatosis in a Patient With Oculofaciocardiodental (OFCD) Syndrome. Pancreas 41(2):327-9, 3/2012. PMID: 22343980.
31. Singal AK, Ross WA, Guturu P, Varadhachary GR, Javle M, Jaganmohan SR, Raju RP, Fleming JB, Raju GS, Kuo YF, Lee JH. Self-Expanding Metal Stents for Biliary Drainage in Patients with Resectable Pancreatic Cancer: Single-Center Experience with 79 Cases. Dig Dis Sci 56(12):3678-84, 12/2011. e-Pub 7/2011. PMID: 21750930.
32. Singh A, Kuo YF, Riall TS, Raju GS, Goodwin JS. Predictors of Colorectal Cancer Following a Negative Colonoscopy in the Medicare Population. Dig Dis Sci 56(11):3122-8, 11/2011. e-Pub 6/17/2011. PMID: 21681506.
33. Pinchuk IV, Beswick EJ, Saada JI, Boya G, Schmitt D, Raju GS, Brenmoehl J, Rogler G, Reyes VE, Powell DW. Human Colonic Myofibroblasts Promote Expansion of CD4+ CD25high Foxp3+ Regulatory T Cells. Gastroenterology 140(7):2019-30, 6/2011. e-Pub 3/2/2011. PMCID: PMC3109194.
34. Raju RP, Jaganmohan SR, Ross WA, Davila ML, Javle M, Raju GS, Lee JH. Optimum Palliation of Inoperable Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma: Comparative Assessment of the Efficacy of Plastic and Self-Expanding Metal Stents. Dig Dis Sci 56(5):1557-64, 5/2011. e-Pub 1/11/2011. PMID: 21222156.
35. Park PO, Bergström M, Rothstein R, Swain P, Ahmed I, Gomez G, Raju GS. Endoscopic sutured closure of a gastric natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery access gastrotomy compared with open surgical closure in a porcine model. A randomized, multicenter controlled trial. Endoscopy 42(4):311-7, 4/2010. e-Pub 3/3/2010. PMID: 20200808.
36. Malhotra A, Guturu P, Basim MS, Raju GS. A rare case of breast cancer metastasis presenting as linitis plastica of the stomach and colon (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 70(3):552-3; discussion 553, 9/2009. PMID: 19699983.
37. Raju GS, Malhotra A, Ahmed I. Colonoscopic full-thickness resection of the colon in a porcine model as a prelude to endoscopic surgery of difficult colon polyps: a novel technique (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 70(1):159-65, 7/2009. PMID: 19559838.
38. Nealon WH, Bhutani M, Riall TS, Raju G, Ozkan O, Neilan R. A unifying concept: pancreatic ductal anatomy both predicts and determines the major complications resulting from pancreatitis. J Am Coll Surg 208(5):790-9; discussion 799-801, 5/2009. PMID: 19476839.
39. Raju GS, Fritscher-Ravens A, Rothstein RI, Swain P, Gelrud A, Ahmed I, Gomez G, Winny M, Sonnanstine T, Bergström M, Park PO. Endoscopic closure of colon perforation compared to surgery in a porcine model: a randomized controlled trial (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 68(2):324-32, 8/2008. e-Pub 6/17/2008. PMID: 18561931.
40. Mummadi RR, Groce JR, Raju GS, Gomez G. Endoscopic management of colocutaneous fistula in a morbidly obese woman (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 67(7):1207-8, 6/2008. e-Pub 3/4/2008. PMID: 18291390.
41. Singh A, Alperin JB, Gomez GA, Loop K, Hudnall SD, Cass AR, Raju GS. Mucosal associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the colon presenting as autoimmune hemolytic anemia (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 67(7):1175-6; discussion 1176, 6/2008. e-Pub 3/19/2008. PMID: 18355818.
42. Jaganmohan S, Raju GS. Tissue ingrowth in a fully covered self-expandable metallic stent (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 68(3). e-Pub 3/2008. PMID: 18331738.
43. Fan X, Scott L, Qiu S, Raju GS, Shabot M. Colonic coinfection of histoplasma and cytomegalovirus mimicking carcinoma in a patient with HIV/AIDS. Gastrointest Endosc 67:977-8, 2008.
44. Pinchuk IV, Saada J1, Beswick EJ, Boya G, Qiu SM, Mifflin RC, Ragu GS. PD-1 Ligand Expression by Human Colonic Myofibroblasts/Fibroblasts Regulates CD4(+) T-Cell Activity. Gastroenterology 135(4):1228-1237, 1237.e1-2, 2008. e-Pub 7/17/2008. PMCID: PMC2584612.
45. Gomez V, Groce JR, Xaio SY, Bhutani MS, Raju GS. Band ligation resection of duodenal carcinoid (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 66(2):397; discussion 398, 8/2007. PMID: 17643721.
46. Neilan RE, Groce JR, Jalil S, Raju GS. White bile (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 66(1):180-1; discussion 181, 7/2007. PMID: 17591495.
47. Raju GS, Shibukawa G, Ahmed I, Brining D, Poussard A, Xiao SY, Coe J, Cropper M, Martin D, Hull J. Endoluminal suturing may overcome the limitations of clip closure of a gaping wide colon perforation (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 65(6):906-11, 5/2007. e-Pub 3/9/2007. PMID: 17350009.
48. Raju GS, Ahmed I, Shibukawa G, Poussard A, Brining D. Endoluminal clip closure of a circular full-thickness colon resection in a porcine model (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 65(3):503-9, 3/2007. PMID: 17321256.
49. Groce JR, Raju GS, Hewlett A, Zwischenberger JB. Endoscopic clip closure of a gastric staple-line dehiscence (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 65(2):321-322, 2007. e-Pub 11/13/2006. PMID: 17258993.
50. Ahmed I, Shibukawa G, Groce R, Pussard A, Brining D, Raju GS. Study of full-thickness endoluminal segmental resection of colon in a porcine colon model (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 65(4):696-702, 2007. PMID: 17383466.
51. Artifon EL, Sakai P, Ishioka S, Hondo FY Raju GS. Suprapapillary puncture of the common bile duct for selective biliary access: a novel technique (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 65(1):124-31, 2007. PMID: 17185091.
52. Moparty B, Lograno R, Nealon WH, Wasman I, Raju GS, Pasricha PJ, Bhutani MS. The role of endoscopic ultrasound and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration in distinguishing pancreatic cystic lesions. Diagn Cytopathol 35(1):18-25, 2007. e-Pub 2007. PMID: 17173300.
53. Artifon EL, Sakai P, Cunha JE, Dupont A, Filho FM, Hondo FY, Ishioka S, Raju GS. Surgery or endoscopy for palliation of biliary obstruction due to metastatic pancreatic cancer. Am J Gastroenterol 101(9):2031-7, 9/2006. PMID: 16968509.
54. Pham BV, Raju GS, Ahmed I, Brining D, Chung S, Cotton P, Gostout CJ, Hawes RH, Kalloo AN, Kantsevoy SV, Pasricha PJ. Immediate endoscopic closure of colon perforation by using a prototype endoscopic suturing device: feasibility and outcome in a porcine model (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 64(1):113-9, 7/2006. PMID: 16813815.
55. Raju GS, Gomez G, Xiao SY, Ahmed I, Brining D, Bhutani MS, Kalloo AN, Pasricha PJ. Effect of a novel pancreatic stent design on short-term pancreatic injury in a canine model. Endoscopy 38(3):260-5, 3/2006. PMID: 16528653.
56. Raju GS, Sud R, Elfert AA, Enaba M, Kalloo A, Pasricha PJ. Biliary drainage by using stents without a central lumen: a pilot study. Gastrointest Endosc 63(2):317-20, 2/2006. PMID: 16427942.
57. Raju GS, Ahmed I, Xiao SY, Brining D, Poussard A, Tarcin O, Shibukawa G, Dawon K, Knight G, Tanguay R, Hull J. Controlled trial of immediate endoluminal closure of colon perforations in a porcine model by use of a novel clip device (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 64(6):989-997, 2006. PMID: 17140911.
58. Raju GS, Ahmed I, Brining D, Xiao SY. Endoluminal closure of large perforations of colon with clips in a porcine model (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 64(4):640-646, 2006. e-Pub 6/12/2006. PMID: 16996362.
59. Waxman I, Raju GS, Critchlow J, Antonioli DA, Spechler SJ. High-frequency probe ultrasonography has limited accuracy for detecting invasive adenocarcinoma in patients with Barrett's esophagus and high-grade dysplasia or intramucosal carcinoma: a case series. Am J Gastroenterol 101(8):1773-1779, 2006. e-Pub 6/16/2006. PMID: 16780561.
60. Raju GS, Gomez G. Endoloop ligation of a large colonic lipoma: a novel technique. Gastrointest Endosc 62(6):988-90, 12/2005. PMID: 16301055.
61. Raju GS, Pham B, Xiao SY, Brining D, Ahmed I. A pilot study of endoscopic closure of colonic perforations with endoclips in a swine model. Gastrointest Endosc 62(5):791-5, 11/2005. PMID: 16246701.
62. Moparty B, Raju GS. Role of hemoclips in a patient with cecal angiodysplasia at high risk of recurrent bleeding from antithrombotic therapy to maintain coronary stent patency: a case report. Gastrointest Endosc 62(3):468-9, 9/2005. PMID: 16111979.
63. Raju GS, Ahmed I, Xiao SY, Brining D, Bhutani MS, Pasricha PJ. Graded esophageal mucosal ablation with cryotherapy, and the protective effects of submucosal saline. Endoscopy 37(6):523-6, 6/2005. PMID: 15933923.
64. Raju GS, Pasricha PJ. ShapeLock: a rapid access port for redeployment of a colonoscope into the proximal colon to facilitate multiple polypectomies in a single session. Gastrointest Endosc 61(6):768-70, 5/2005. PMID: 15855992.
65. Rex DK, Khashab M, Raju GS, Pasricha J, Kozarek R. Insertability and safety of a shape-locking device for colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol 100(4):817-20, 4/2005. PMID: 15784024.
66. Raju GS, Faruqi S, Bhutani MS, Soloway R. Catheter probe EUS-assisted treatment with hemoclips of a colonic Dieulafoy's lesion with recurrent bleeding. Gastrointest Endosc 60(5):851-4, 11/2004. PMID: 15557977.
67. Warneke RM, Walser E, Faruqi S, Jafri S, Bhutani MS, Raju GS. Cap-assisted endoclip placement for recurrent ulcer hemorrhage after repeatedly unsuccessful endoscopic treatment and angiographic embolization: case report. Gastrointest Endosc 60(2):309-12, 8/2004. PMID: 15278071.
68. Raju GS, Rex DK, Kozarek RA, Ahmed I, Brining D, Pasricha PJ. A novel shape-locking guide for prevention of sigmoid looping during colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 59(3):416-9, 3/2004. PMID: 14997146.
69. Raju GS, Morris K, Boening S, Carpenter D, Gomez G. Capillary refilling sign demonstrated by capsule endoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 58(6):936-7, 12/2003. PMID: 14652571.
70. Faruqi S, Ahmed I, Membreno FE, Molina CP, Raju GS. Pinworms. Gastrointest Endosc 57(4):566, 4/2003. PMID: 12665774.
71. Raju GS, Ahmed I, Daaboul B, Merati A. Endoscopic correction of a buried tracheo-esophageal prosthesis. Gastrointest Endosc 57(2):276-8, 2/2003. PMID: 12556807.
72. Raju GS, Nath S, Zhao X, Jafri S, Gomez G, Luthra G. Duodenal diverticular hemostasis with hemoclip placement on the bleeding and feeder vessels: A case report. Gastrointest Endosc 57(1):116-7, 1/2003. PMID: 12518148.
73. Raju GS, Olyaee M, Jafri SF, Hershberger J, May D. Stridor: a complication of PEG placement. Gastrointest Endosc 56(1):145-7, 7/2002. PMID: 12085057.
74. Raju GS, Forster J, Sarosiek I, Rosenthal SJ, Lin Z, McCallum R. EUS guidance in gastric pacemaker implantation. Gastrointest Endosc 55(6):728-30, 5/2002. PMID: 11979260.
75. Raju GS, Hershberger J, Crawford G, Girod D, Tsue T, Merati A. Laryngeal jack-assisted retrograde esophageal membranotomy through a gastrostomy. Gastrointest Endosc 53(2):239-41, 2/2001. PMID: 11174306.
76. Daaboul B, Damjanov I, Pierce G, Raju GS. Traumatic cholecystitis. Gastrointest Endosc 52(4):525, 10/2000. PMID: 11023571.
77. Smith MJ, Cherian P, Raju GS, Dawson BF, Mahon S, Bardhan KD. Bile acid malabsorption in persistent diarrhoea. J R Coll Physicians Lond 34(5):448-51, Sep-Oct, 9/2000. PMID: 11077656.
78. Raju GS, Ahmed I, Bunting E, Tsue TT. A novel approach to radiation-induced post-cricoid esophageal stricture: the "Laryngeal Jack" to facilitate dilatation. Gastrointest Endosc 52(2):282-5, 8/2000. PMID: 10922113.
79. Raju GS, Bardhan KD, Royston C, Beresford J. Giant gastric ulcer: its natural history and outcome in the H2RA era. Am J Gastroenterol 94(12):3478-86, 12/1999. PMID: 10606307.
80. Raju GS, Bendixen BH, Khan J, Summers RW. Cerebrovascular accident during endoscopy: consider cerebral air embolism, a rapidly reversible event with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Gastrointest Endosc 47(1):70-3, 1/1998. PMID: 9468427.
81. Raju GS, Rao SS, Lu C. Pneumoperitoneum and ascites secondary to bacterial overgrowth. J Clin Gastroenterol 25(4):688-90, 12/1997. PMID: 9451689.
82. Raju GS, Rao SSC, Lu C. Ascited and spontaneous pneumoperitoneum in bacterial overgrowth. J clin Gastroenterol(25):688-690, 1997.
83. Raju GS, Bardhan KD, Royston C, Beresford J. The management of refractory gastric ulcer using H2-receptor antagonists. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 10(3):387-96, 6/1996. PMID: 8791968.
84. Raju GS, Felver M, Olin JW, Satti SD. Thrombolysis for acute Budd-Chiari syndrome: case report and literature review. Am J Gastroenterol 91(6):1262-3, 6/1996. PMID: 8651186.
85. Broor SL, Lahoti D, Bose PP, Ramesh GN, Raju GS, Kumar A. Benign esophageal strictures in children and adolescents: etiology, clinical profile, and results of endoscopic dilation. Gastrointest Endosc 43(5):474-7, 5/1996. PMID: 8726761.
86. Raju GS, Felver M, Olin J, Satti D. Thrombolysis for acute Budd-Chiari syndrome: case report and review of literature. Am J of Gasteoenterol 91(1262-1263), 1996.
87. Raju GS, Dawson B, Bardhan KD. Bile acid malabsorption associated with Graves' disease. J Clin Gastroenterol 19(1):54-6, 7/1994. PMID: 7930435.
88. Raju GS, Smith MJ, Morton D, Bardhan KD. Mini-dose (1-microCi) 14C-urea breath test for the detection of Helicobacter pylori. Am J Gastroenterol 89(7):1027-31, 7/1994. PMID: 8017360.
89. Raju GS, Bardhan KD, Taylor PC, Harvey L, Rigby CC, Manasewitz S. Atypical presentation of Crohn's disease: severe, recurrent iron deficiency anemia dependent on blood transfusions. Am J Gastroenterol 89(1):113-5, 1/1994. PMID: 8273777.
90. Broor SL, Raju GS, Bose PP, Lahoti D, Ramesh GN, Kumar A, Sood GK. Long term results of endoscopic dilatation for corrosive oesophageal strictures. Gut 34(11):1498-501, 11/1993. PMCID: PMC1374409.
91. Ramesh GN, Malla N, Raju GS, Sehgal R, Ganguly NK, Mahajan RC, Dilawari JB. Epidemiological study of parasitic infestations in lower socio-economic group in Chandigarh (north India). Indian J Med Res 93:47-50, 1/1991. PMID: 2022402.
92. Dilawari JB, Chawla YK, Raju GS, Kaur U, Bambery P. Splenoportovenography in portal hypertension: a safe outpatient procedure. Can Assoc Radiol J 41(3):146-8, 6/1990. PMID: 2354389.
93. Broor SL, Thorat VK, Chari ST, Misra SP, Raju GS. Gastric acid response to modified sham feeding in patients with duodenal ulcer: is increased vagal tone the cause of basal acid hypersecretion? J Gastroenterol Hepatol 5(2):116-20, Mar-Apr, 3/1990. PMID: 2103391.
94. Misra SP, Mahapatra J, Raju GS, Sood G, Anand BS. Endoscopic sphincterotomy--experience with 110 patients. Indian J Gastroenterol 8(4):253-5, 10/1989. PMID: 2599564.
95. Dilawari JB, Raju GS, Chawla YK. Development of large spleno-adreno-renal shunt after endoscopic sclerotherapy. Gastroenterology 97(2):421-6, 8/1989. PMID: 2787257.
96. Banerjee K, Sharma G, Upadhaya S, Anand BS, Raju GS, Khandekar PS. Detection of hepatitis B virus in blood samples negative for surface antigen by DNA probe hybridization. J Biosci(14):279-287, 1989.
97. Raju GS, Broor S, Singh V, Mehta SK. Fulminant viral hepatitis-Indian experience. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 4(4):161-165, Mar-Apr, 1989. PMID: 2518791.
98. Dilawari JB, Raju GS, Chawla Y, Kataria S, Kataria RN. Endoscopic sphincterotomy in the management of choledocholithiasis. J Assoc Physicians India 35(3):221-2, 3/1987. PMID: 3611005.

Invited Articles

1. Daram SR, Tang SJ, Raju GS. A primer on endoscopic movie production (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 75(1):161-4, 1/2012. PMID: 22196813.
2. Raju GS. Gastrointestinal perforations: role of endoscopic closure. Curr Opin Gastroenterol 27(5):418-22, 9/2011. PMID: 21778877.
3. Kim HN, Raju GS. Bowel preparation and colonoscopy technique to detect non-polypoid colorectal neoplasms. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 20(3):437-48, 7/2010. PMID: 20656242.
4. Raju GS. Endoscopic closure of gastrointestinal leaks. Am J Gastroenterol 104(5). e-Pub 4/2009. PMID: 19367272.
5. Raju GS, Gerson L, Das A, Lewis B, Lewis B. American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute medical position statement on obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Gastroenterology 133(5):1694-6, 11/2007. PMID: 17983811.
6. Raju GS, Kaltenbach T, Soetikno R. Endoscopic mechanical hemostasis of GI arterial bleeding (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 66(4):774-85, 10/2007. PMID: 17905022.
7. Raju GS, Gerson L, Das A, Lewis B. American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute technical review on obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Gastroenterology 133(5):1697-1717, 2007. PMID: 17983812.
8. Raju GS. Endoscopic management of gastrointestinal leaks. Gastrointest Endoscopy Clin N Am 17:487-503, 2007.
9. Raju GS, Thompson C, Zwischenberger JB. Emerging endoscopic options in the management of esophageal leaks (videos). Gastrointest Endosc 62(2):278-86, 8/2005. PMID: 16046996.
10. Raju GS, Nath S. Capsule endoscopy. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 7(5):358-365, 2005. PMID: 16168233.
11. Raju GS. Role of capsule endoscopy in the evaluation of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. PGI Bulletin 39:101-105, 2005.
12. Raju GS, Gajula L. Endoclips for GI endoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 59(2):267-79, 2/2004. PMID: 14745407.
13. Raju GS. Postoperative Bile Duct Strictures. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 5(2):113-121, 4/2002. PMID: 11879591.
14. Waxman I, Saitoh Y, Raju GS, Watari J, Yokota K, Reeves AL, Kohgo Y. High-frequency probe EUS-assisted endoscopic mucosal resection: a therapeutic strategy for submucosal tumors of the GI tract. Gastrointest Endosc 55(1):44-9, 1/2002. PMID: 11756913.
15. Raju GS, Waxman I. High-frequency US probe sonography-assisted endoscopic mucosal resection. Gastrointest Endosc 52(6 Suppl):S39-49, 12/2000. PMID: 11115947.
Other Articles
1. Mummadi R, Raju GS. Is the histologic quality of polyps affected by the type of electrosurgical generator used in resection? Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol 4(4):194-195, 2007. e-Pub 2/27/2007. PMID: 17325723.
2. Raju GS. How good is stent therapy for esophagorespiratory fistula? Gastroenterology 128(5):1518-9, 5/2005. PMID: 15887134.
3. Vittal H, Raju GS. Endoscopic bubble: Can it bust the obesity bubble? Gastroenterology 129(3):1130-1132, 2005. PMID: 16143154.
4. Raju GS. Value of screening the laryngopharyngeal area during routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol 2(1):22-23, 2005. PMID: 16265096.
5. Raju GS. Tissue glue for the endoscopist: healing by sealing. Gastroenterology 127(6):1852-3, 12/2004. PMID: 15578526.
6. Gottumukkala SR. Cutlery for the endoscopists--know your knife! Gastroenterology 127(4):1264-6, 10/2004. PMID: 15481006.
7. Raju GS. Lessons from lightning and electrocution of the Barrett's esophagus. Gastroenterology 126(3):921-3, 3/2004. PMID: 14988848.
8. Raju GS. Prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis - are there any pearls for SALE? Gastroenterology 127(1):348-350, 2004. PMID: 15236209.
9. Raju GS. Hello, Mr. Clips--could you chip in please? Gastroenterology 125(6):1896-7; discussion 1898, 12/2003. PMID: 14724845.
10. Arantes V, Raju GS. Combo cap takes a big bite, yet a smoothie to swallow. Gastroenterology 125(2):621-2, 8/2003. PMID: 12891570.
11. Raju GS. Endoscopic blockade to prevent resurfacing of esophageal varices. Gastroenterology 124(5):1545-6, 5/2003. PMID: 15534981.
12. Raju GS. Barraging the biliary tree. Gastroenterology 122(5):1533-5, 5/2002. PMID: 12008676.
13. Raju GS, Yusuf T. Fantastic voyage through the gut. Gastroenterology 122(3):828-30, 3/2002. PMID: 11875019.

Book Chapters

1. Thirumurthi S, Raju GS. Management of Polypectomy Complications. In: Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 25, 2. Elsevier, 335-357, e-Book 4/2015. ISBN: 25839689.
2. Thirumurthi S and Raju GS. Management of gastrointestinal EMR and ESD perforation: From Lab to Practice. In: Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection, First. Ed(s) Fukami N. Springer, 2014.
3. Yague AS, Kaltenbach T, Raju G, Soetikno R. Advanced Endoscopic Resection of Colorectal Lesions. In: Colonoscopy and Polypectomy. 42:3. Ed(s) Charles Kahi. Elsevier: Philadelphia, 459-78, 2013.
4. Raju, GS. Repair of mucosal defects: A primer on endoscopic closure of gastrointestinal perforations. In: Successful Training in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, First. Ed(s) Cohen, J. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, 282-87, 2011. ISBN: 978-1-4051-9663-5.
5. Raju GS, Pasricha PJ. Flat and Depressed Colorectal Neoplasia in the Western Hemisphere. In: Colonoscopy Principles and Practice. Ed(s) Wayne Rex, Williams. Blackwell, 2003.
6. Raju GS. Parasitic diseases of the small bowel. In: Textbook of Clinical Gastroenterology. Ed(s) Lawrence Brandt. Current Science Group, 1998.

Books (edited and written)

1. Raju, GS. Ed(s) Raju, GS. Colon Cancer Screening and Prevention. Raju, GS: iTunes, 2013.
2. Raju, GS. Ed(s) Raju, GS. Endoscopic Accessories. In: Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 8, 1. Elsevier, 2006.

Letters to the Editor

1. Raju GS. Clean up the colon on insertion for better adenoma detection (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 72(6):1329-30, 12/2010. PMID: 21111885.
2. Raju GS. Magnetic resonance imaging incompatibility of clips is an issue. Gastrointest Endosc 72(4):905-6, 10/2010. PMID: 20883874.
3. Finlay DG, Szauter K, Raju GS, Snyder N. Tuberculous peritonitis. Am J Gastroenterol 100(7):1624-5, 7/2005. PMID: 15984997.
4. Finlay D, Szauter K, Raju GS, Snyder N. Tuberculous peritonitis in a patient treated with infliximab. Am J Gastroenterol(100):1624-1625, 2005.
5. Raju GS. What is new in tattooing? "Custom Tattooing". Gastrointest Endosc 59(59):328-329, 2004. PMID: 14989232.
6. Raju GS, Ahmed I. Team approach to the management of complex esoghageal strictures. Gastrointest Endosc(55):304, 2002.
7. Raju GS. Double injection technique to prevent complications of endoscopic tattooing. Gastrointest Endosc(53):697, 2001.
8. Raju GS. Grading ERCPs by degree of difficulty: a great concept. Gastrointest Endosc 52(5):704-5, 11/2000. PMID: 11060212.
9. Gardner A, Raju GS. Innovative thinking for the improvement of medical systems--"ENDOVIEW for the patients". Am J Gastroenterol 95(8):2134, 8/2000. PMID: 10950083.
10. Raju GS, Jones TF, Hershberger JA. Modification of controlled radial expansion balloon catheter to fit into Pentax diagnostic gastroscope. Am J Gastroenterol 95(6):1604-5, 6/2000. PMID: 10894621.
11. Raju GS, Gardner A. Quality improvement of GI endoscopy--the "Endocard". Gastrointest Endosc 51(2):254, 2/2000. PMID: 10650287.
12. Raju GS, Olayee M, Weston A, Delcore R, McCallum R. Pancreatic pseudocyst in a patient with cirrhotic ascites and portal hypertension: effective endoscopic drainage with Seldinger technique. Gastrointest Endosc 50(3):455-6, 9/1999. PMID: 10462680.
13. Dilawari JB, Chawla YK, Raju GS, Kaur U, Bambery P. Safety of splenoportovenography as an outpatient procedure. LANCET 2(8550):101, 7/1987. PMID: 2885550.

Manuals, Teaching Aids, Other Teaching Publications

1. Raju GS & GESAP Committee. ASGE - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Self Assessment Program VIII. Ed(s) GS Raju, 5/2015.
2. Raju GS & GESAP Committee. ASGE - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Self Assessment Program VII, VII. Ed(s) GS Raju, J Klapman. American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Oakbrook, IL, 5/2012.
3. Raju GS & GESAP Committee. ASGE - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Self Assessment Program VI. Ed(s) GS Raju & G Elta. American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Oakbrook, IL, 5/2009.
4. Raju GS & GESAP Committee. ASGE - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Self Assessment Program V. Ed(s) GS Raju & M Topazian. American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Oakbrook, IL, 5/2006.
 

Other

1. YouTube Channel for Colon Cancer Prevention. You Tube Channel dedicated for colon cancer prevention.
2. Endoscopist - Facebook Page. Facebook page dedicated for education..
3. Twitter Channel. Twitter dedicated for education.
4. DAVE Project on iTunes. Digital Atlas of Video Endoscopy .
5. Colon Cancer Prevention & Screening on iTunes.

iBook on Colon Cancer Prevention and Screening

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Last updated: 9/11/2016