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Kathleen M Schmeler, M.D.

Present Title & Affiliation

Primary Appointment

Associate Professor, Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, Division of Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

Bio Statement

Dr. Kathleen Schmeler is an Associate Professor in the Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine.  She provides surgical care and chemotherapy to women with gynecologic malignancies.  She performs specialized procedures in minimally invasive surgery, including robotic surgery, for appropriate patients with cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancer.  Dr. Schmeler is also the Director of the MD Anderson Cancer Center and Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) Hospital colposcopy clinics where she treats women with pre-invasive cervical, vulvar and vaginal disease.

Dr. Schmeler’s primary research interest is in cervical cancer prevention and treatment, particularly in developing countries and for medically underserved women in the United States.  She is actively involved with the MD Anderson Global Academic Programs and is perfoming several clinical trials with MD Anderson Sister Institutions in Latin America and around the world. 

Dr. Schmeler has authored and co-authored numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals.  In addition, she has been invited to write book chapters and review articles on a variety of topics in gynecologic oncology.  Dr. Schmeler is an active speaker, both nationally and internationally.  She is a reviewer for several journals.

Education & Training

Degree-Granting Education

2000 Medical College of Pennsylvania-Hahnemann University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, MD, Medicine
1991 Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, BS, Mechanical Engineering

Postgraduate Training

7/2004-12/2007 Fellow, Gynecologic Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
6/2000-6/2004 Resident, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Women & Infants' Hospital/Brown University, Providence, RI

Board Certifications

4/2011 American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Gynecologic Oncology Subspecialty Boards
1/2010 American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Obstetrics & Gynecology General Boards


Administrative Appointments/Responsibilities

Director of Colposcopy and Pre-invasive Disease, Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, Division of Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 3/2013-present
Director of Colposcopy, Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital, Houston, TX, 3/2013-present
Quality Officer, Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, Division of Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 2/2013-present
Clinical Team Leader, Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, Division of Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 2009-present

Institutional Committee Activities

Member, International Advisory Board, MD Anderson Global Academic Programs (GAP), 2012-present
Member, Prevention, HSR, QI & Survivorship Research Program, Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 2010-present
Member, Innovative Surgery Research Working Group, Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 2008-present
Member, POE Value Analysis Team, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 2008-present

Honors and Awards

2013-2015 Norman F. Gant/American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology Fellow, Institute of Medicine

Selected Publications

Peer-Reviewed Original Research Articles

1. Bhosale PR, Iyer RB, Ramalingam P, Schmeler KM, Wei W, Bassett RL, Ramirez PT, Frumovitz M. Is MRI helpful in assessing the distance of the tumour from the internal os in patients with cervical cancer below FIGO Stage IB2? Clin Radiol 71(6):515-22, 6/2016. e-Pub 3/21/2016. PMID: 27012496.
2. Brown AJ, Shah JS, Fleming ND, Nick AM, Soliman PT, Chisholm GB, Schmeler KM, Ramirez PT, Frumovitz M. Role of cervical cytology in surveillance after radical trachelectomy for cervical cancer. Gynecol Oncol. e-Pub 5/28/2016. PMID: 27246304.
3. Smeltzer S, Yu X, Schmeler KM, Peters Y, Levison J. Abnormal Vaginal Pap Smear After Hysterectomy in HIV Infected Women Without History of Cervical Dysplasia or Cancer [13]. Obstet Gynecol 127 Suppl 1:4S, 5/2016. PMCID: PMC4879969.
4. Bhalwal AB, Nick AM, Dos Reis R, Chen CL, Munsell MF, Ramalingam P, Salcedo MP, Ramirez PT, Sood AK, Schmeler KM. Carcinoma of the Bartholin's Gland: A Review of 33 cases. Int J Gynecol Cancer 26(4):785-9, 5/2016. e-Pub 2/2016. PMCID: PMC4840054.
5. Rodriguez AM, Schmeler KM, Kuo YF. Lack of Improvement in Survival Rates for Women under 50 with Endometrial Cancer, 2000 to 2011. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 142(4):783-93, 4/2016. e-Pub 12/15/2015. PMID: 26670165.
6. Bychkovsky BL, Ferreyra ME, Strasser-Weippl K, Herold CI, de Lima Lopes G, Dizon DS, Schmeler KM , Del Carmen M, Randall TC, Nogueira-Rodrigues A, de Carvalho Calabrich AF, St Louis J, Vail CM, Goss PE. Cervical cancer control in Latin America: A call to action. Cancer 122(4):502-14, 2/2016. e-Pub 12/2015. PMID: 26670695.
7. Callegaro-Filho D, Gershenson DM, Nick AM, Munsell MF, Ramirez PT, Eifel PJ, Euscher ED, Marques RM, Nicolau SM, Schmeler KM . Small cell carcinoma of the ovary-hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT): A review of 47 cases. Gynecol Oncol 140(1):53-7, 1/2016. e-Pub 11/2015. PMID: 26546963.
8. Grant BD, Fregnani JH, Possati Resende JC, Scapulatempo-Neto C, Matsushita GM, Mauad EC, Quang T, Stoler MH, Castle PE, Schmeler KM Richards-Kortum RR. High-resolution microendoscopy: a point-of-care diagnostic for cervical dysplasia in low-resource settings. Eur J Cancer Prev. e-Pub 12/2015. PMID: 26637074.
9. Meyer LA, Schmeler KM , Sun CC, Ramondetta LM. Avoidable Tragedies, Disparities in Healthcare Access Among Medically Underserved Women Diagnosed with Cervical Cancer. Gynecol Oncol. e-Pub 10/2015. PMID: 26498912.
10. Strasser-Weippl K, Chavarri-Guerra Y, Villarreal-Garza C, Bychkovsky B, Bebiasi M, Liedke P, Soto Perez de Celis C, Cazap E, de Lima Lopes G, Touya D, Nunes J, St. Louis J, Vail C, Bukowski A, Ramox-Elias P, Unger-Saldana K, Brandao D, Ferreyra M, Luciani S, Nogueira-Rodrigues A, Freire de Carvalho Calabrich A, del Carmen M, Rauh-Hain J, Schmeler K, Sala R, Goss P. Progress and remaining challenges for cancer control in Latin America and the Caribbean. Lancent Oncol 16(14):1405-1438, 10/2015. PMID: 26522157.
11. Fleming ND, Soliman PT, Westin SN, Reis RD, Munsell M, Klopp AH, Frumovitz M, Nick A, Schmeler K, Ramirez PT. Impact of lymph node ratio and adjuvant therapy in node-positive endometrioid endometrial cancer. Int J Gyn Cancer, 9/2015. PMID: 26332387.
12. Vieira M, Rendon G, Munsell M, Echeverri L, Frumovitz M, Schmeler K, Pareha R, dos Reis R, Escobar P, Ramirez PT. A Radical Trachelectomy for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer: A Comparison of Laparotomy and minimally invasive surgery. Gynecol Oncol. e-Pub 6/2015. PMID: 26095894.
13. Salcedo MP, Milbourne AM, Jhingran A, Eifel PJ, Ramirez PT, Schmeler KM. High-grade cervical dysplasia following radiation therapy for invasive cervical cancer: A report of four cases. Case Rep Oncol 8(2):217-21, May-Aug, 5/2015. e-Pub 5/6/2015. PMCID: PMC4464040.
14. Salcedo M, Damin A, Agnes G, Pessini S, El Beitune P, Alexandre C, Schmeler K, Gomes da Silveira G. Prevalence of human papillomavirus infection in pregnant versus non-pregnant women in Brazil. Arch Gynecol Obstet, 5/2015. PMID: 25990479.
15. Churchill SJ, Armbruster S, Schmeler K, Frumovitz M, Greer M, Garcia J, Redworth G, Ramirez PT. Radical Trachelectomy for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer: A Survey of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology and Gynecologic Oncology Fellows-in-Training. Int J Gynecol Cancer 25(4):681-7, 5/2015. PMID: 25675042.
16. Keahey PA, Tkaczyk TS, Schmeler KM, Richards-Kortum RR. Optimizing Modulation Frequency for Structured Illumination in a Fiber-Optic Microendoscope to Image Nuclear Morphometry in Columnar Epithelium. Biomed Opt Express 6(3):870-880, 3/1/2015. e-Pub 2/19/2015. PMCID: PMC4361441.
17. Prescott LS, Kidin LM, Downs RL, Cleveland DJ, Wilson GL, Munsell MF, DeJesus AY, Cain KE, Ramirez PT, Kroll MH, Levenback CF, Schmeler KM. Improved compliance with venous thromboembolism (VTE) pharmacologic prophylaxis for patients with gynecologic malignancies hospitalized for nonsurgical indications did not reduce VTE incidence. Int J Gynecol Cancer 25(1):152-9, 1/2015. PMCID: PMC4272626.
18. Prescott LS, Aloia TA, Brown AJ, Taylor JS, Munsell MF, Sun CC, Schmeler KM, Levenback CF, Bodurka DC. Perioperative blood transfusion in gynecologic oncology surgery: Analysis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database. Gynecol Oncol 136(1):65-70, 1/2015. e-Pub 11/14/2014. PMCID: PMC4492800.
19. Callegaro-Filho D, Burke TW, Eifel PJ, Ramirez PT, Euscher EE, Schmeler KM. Radiotherapy for recurrent small cell carcinoma of the ovary: A case report and review of the literature. Gynecol Oncol Rep 11:23-25, 1/2015. e-Pub 12/29/2014. PMCID: PMC4434155.
20. Castle PE, Smith KM, Davis TE, Schmeler KM, Ferris DG, Savage AH, Gray JE, Stoler MH, Wright TC, Ferenczy A, Einstein MH. Reliability of the Xpert HPV Assay to Detect High-Risk Human Papillomavirus DNA in a Colposcopy Referral Population. Am J Clin Pathol 143(1):126-33, 1/2015. PMID: 25511151.
21. Fleming ND, Frumovitz M, Schmeler KM, dos Reis R, Munsell MF, Eifel PJ, Soliman PT, Nick AM, Westin SN, Ramirez PT. Significance of Lymph Node Ratio in Defining Risk Category in Node-positive Early Stage Cervical Cancer. Gynecol Oncol 136(1):48-53, 1/2015. e-Pub 11/18/2014. PMCID: PMC4430191.
22. Crane EK, Sun CC, Ramirez PT, Schmeler KM, Malpica A, Gershenson DM. The role of secondary cytoreduction in low-grade serous ovarian cancer or peritoneal cancer. Gynecol Oncol 136(1):25-9, 1/2015. e-Pub 11/8/2014. PMID: 25448453.
23. Frumovitz M, Jhingran A, Soliman PT, Klopp AH, Schmeler KM, Eifel PJ. Morbid Obesity as an Independent Risk Factor for Disease-Specific Mortality in Women with Cervical Cancer. Obstet Gynecol 124(6):1098-104, 12/2014. PMCID: PMC4249728.
24. Ulm MA, Fleming ND, Rallapali V, Munsell MF, Ramirez PT, Westin SN, Nick AM, Schmeler KM, Soliman PT. Position-related injury is uncommon in robotic gynecologic surgery. Gynecol Oncol 135(3):534-8, 12/2014. e-Pub 10/23/2014. PMCID: PMC4268144.
25. Carroll A, Ramirez PT, Westin SN, Soliman PT, Munsell MF, Nick AM, Schmeler KM, Klopp AH, Fleming ND. Uterine adenosarcoma: an analysis on management, outcomes, and risk factors for recurrence. Gynecol Oncol 135(3):455-61, 12/2014. e-Pub 10/28/2014. PMCID: PMC4430193.
26. Schmeler K, Ramirez P, Reyes-Martinez C, Chernofsky M, del Carmen M, Diaz-Montes T, Padilla L, Tejada-Berges T, Bermudez A, Trimble E. The Central America Gynecologic Oncology Education Program (CONEP): Improving Gynecologic Oncology Education and Training on a Global Scale. Gynecol Oncol 129(3):445-7, 6/2013. PMID: 23528927.
27. Schmeler K, Wilson G, Cain K, Munsell M, Ramirez P, Soliman P, Nick A, Frumovitz M, Coleman R, Kroll M, Levenback C. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) rates following the implementation of extended duration prophylaxis for patients undergoing surgery for gynecologic malignancies. Gynecol Oncol 128(2):204-208, 2/2013. PMID: 23200912.
28. Schmeler K, Jhingran A, Iyer RB, Sun CC, Eifel PJ, Soliman PT, Ramirez PT, Frumovitz M, Bodurka DC, Sood AK. Pelvic fractures after radiotherapy for cervical cancer: implications for survivors. Cancer 116(3):625-30, 2010. PMID: 20052724.
29. Schmeler K, Lynch H, Chen L, Munsell M, Soliman P, Clark M, Daniels M, White K, Boyd-Rogers S, Conrad P, Yang K, Rubin M, Sun C, Slomovitz B, Gershenson D, Lu K. Prophylactic surgery to reduce the risk of gynecologic cancers in the lynch syndrome. N Eng J Med 354(3):261-9, 2006. PMID: 16421367.
30. Schmeler K, Mayo-Smith W, Peipert J, Weitzen S, Manuel M, Gordinier M. Adnexal masses in pregnancy: surgery compared with observation. Obstet Gynecol 105(5, Part 1):1098-103, 2005. PMID: 15863550.
31. Danikas D, Schmeler K , Ginalis EM, Stratoulias C, Shorten SM, Constantinopoulos G. Double-layer everted saphenous vein patch angioplasty for carotid endarterectomy. Vasc Surg 35(4):259-61, Jul-Aug, 2001. PMID: 11586451.
32. Schmeler K, Bastin K. Strontium-89 for symptomatic metastatic prostate cancer to bone: recommendations for hospice patients. Hosp J 11(2):1-10, 1996. PMID: 8949010.

Invited Articles

1. Schmeler K . Expanding the benefits of HPV vaccination: The need to vaccinate girls and boys. In Press.
2. Schmeler K, Frumovitz M, Ramirez P. Conservative management of early stage cervical cancer: is there a role for less radical surgery? Gynecol Oncol 120(3):321-5, 2011. PMID: 21320670.


1. Castle PE, Schmeler KM. HPV vaccination - for women of all ages? Lancet 384(14):61230-7, 12/20/2014. e-Pub 9/1/2014. PMID: 25189357.
Other Articles
1. Randall TC, Goodman A, Schmeler K, Durfee J, Pareja R, Munkarah A, Rulisa S, Ghebre R, Trimble EL, Chuang L. Cancer and the World's Poor: What's a Gynecologic Cancer Specialist To Do? Gynecol Oncol. e-Pub 5/24/2016. PMID: 27210817.


1. Taylor J, Marten C, Schmeler K , Levenback C, Bodurka D, Meyer L, Nick A, Ramirez P, Vachhani S, Burzawa J, Cain K, Cloutier L, James D, Hubbs C, Sandles D, Potts K, Park A, Fenton S, Myers K. The DISINFECT Initiative: Decreasing the Incidence of Surgical INFECTions in Gynecologic Oncology. Annals of Surgical Oncology. In Press.
2. Taylor, J., Marten, C., Potts, K., Cloutier, L., Cain, K., Fenton, S., Tatum, T., James, D., Hubbs, C., Burzawa, J., Vachhani, S., Nick, A., Meyer, L., Graviss, L., Ware, K., Park, A., Aloia, T., Bodurka, D., Levenback, C., Schmeler K. What Is The Real Rate of Surgical Site Infection?. Journal of Oncology Practice. In Press.
3. Prescott L, Aloia T, Brown A, Taylor J, Sun CC, Levenback C, Schmeler K, Bodurka DC. Abstract 12: Perioperative blood transfusion in gynecologic surgery. Gynecol Oncol 137(3):595, 6/2015.
4. Vieira MA, Rendon GJ, Munsell M, Echeverri L, Frumovitz M, Schmeler K, Pareja R, Escobar PF, dos Reis R, Ramirez PT. Radical trachelectomy in early-stage cervical cancer: A comparison of laparotomy and minimally invasive surgery. Gynecol Oncol, 6/2015. PMID: 26095894.
5. Callegaro-Filho D, Nick AM, Munsell MF, Ramirez PT, Gershenson DM, Dickens AS, Patel D, Eifel PJ, Euscher ED, Schmeler KM. Prolonged survival of small cell ovarian cancer-hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT): Should radiotherapy play a larger role?. J Clin Oncol 33 (#e16542), 5/2015.
6. Callegaro-Filho D, Nick AM, Munsell MF, Ramirez PT, Gershenson DM, Dickens AS, Patel D, Eifel PJ, Euscher ED, Schmeler KM. Small cell carcinoma of the ovary-hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT): A review of 47 patients. J Clin Oncol(33) (#e16541), 5/2015.
7. del Carmen MG, Rice LW, Schmeler KM. Global Health Perspective on Gynecologic Oncology. Gynecol Oncol 137(2):329-334, 4/2015.
8. Oughli HA, Balakrishnan N, Munsell MF, Shiozaki T, Frumovitz MM, Soliman PT, Schmeler KM, Ramirez PT, Nick AM, O'Brien BJ, Westin SN. Paraneoplastic neurologic syndrome in ovarian carcinoma. Gynecol Oncol 137:181, 4/2015.
9. Nick AM, Coleman RL, Ramirez PT, Schmeler KM, Soliman PT, Lu KH, Burzawa JK, Sood AK. Personalized surgical therapy for advanced ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol 137:10, 4/2015.
10. Wainwright A, Brimmage B, Barratt MS, Robazetti S, Gomez MP, Ramondetta LM, Schmeler KM, Meyer LA. Structured patient reminder systems and HPV vaccine completion rates: A quality improvement initiative. Gynecol Oncol 137:150, 4/2015.
11. Ramondetta L, Meyer L, Gallegos J, Schmeler K, Frumovitz M, Scheurer M, Montealegre J, Smith J, Anderson M, Sun CC. The Affordable Care Act: The Women Who Will Be Left Behind. Proceedings of the 2015 Eurogin Meeting, 2/2015.
12. Schmeler K, Jhingran A, Iyer R, Munsell M, Kim E, Jimenez C, Sun C, Moore C, Kitaka S, Eifel P, Klopp A, Sood A. Significant decreases in bone mineral density associated with pelvic radiotherapy: a prospective longitudinal study of women with gynecologic malignancies. Proceedings of the 13th Biennial Meeting of the International Gynecologic Cancer Society Meeting (#670), 2010.
13. Soliman P, Wu D, Tortolero-Luna G, Schmeler K, Slomovitz B, Gershenson D, Lu K. Adiponectin as a marker for insulin resistance and endometrial cancer risk. Proceedings of the Society of Gynecologic Oncologists 36th Annual Meeting, 2005.
14. Wu W, Soliman P, Schmeler K, Celestino J, Johnson C, Walker C, Lu K. Association between loss of PTEN and cytoplasmic localization of p27 in endometrial cancer. Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting:#2866, 2005.
15. Slomovitz B, Ramondetta L, Crotzer D, Soliman P, Schmeler K, Broaddus R, Sun C, Gershenson D, Burke T, Lu K. Clinical and pathologic review of clear cell carcinoma of the endometrium: a single institution study of 81 patients. Proceedings of the Society of Gynecologic Oncologists 36th Annual Meeting, 2005.
16. Schmeler K . A description of a small cohort of Argentinian women presenting with cervical cancer (CC) highlighting the need for CC control in Latin America (LA). ASCO. Submitted.
17. Schmeler K . Global Cancer Institute (GCI) multi-disciplinary tumor boards (MTBs) as an educational tool to improve guideline-based cancer clinical practice in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). ASCO. Submitted.

Book Chapters

1. Grant BD, Schwarz RA, Quang T, Schmeler KM, Richards-Kortum R. Chapter 28: High-Resolution Microendoscope for the Detection of Cervical Neoplasia. In: Mobile Health Technologies: Methods in Molecular Biology. 1256. Ed(s) Avraham Rasooly and Keith E. Herold. Springer Science - Business Media: New York, 421-434, 2015.
2. Schmeler K , Epner, D. University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Experience Caring for Patients from Countries Undergoing Political-Social Conflict. In: Cancer Care Countries and Societies in Transition, 409-416,, e-Book 2016. ISBN: 978-3-319-22911-9.
3. Salcedo M, Baker E, Schmeler K . Ch. 28 Intraepithelial Neoplasia of the Lower Genital Tract (Cervix, Vagina, Vulva). In: Gynecologic Oncology. Elsevier. In Press.
4. Salcedo M, Del Carmen M, Schmeler K . Ch. 23 Rare Tumors of the Vulva. In: Rare Genitourinary Tumors, 1. Ed(s) Pagliaro L. Springer International Publishing, 2016. ISBN: 978-3-319-30044-3.

Letters to the Editor

1. Foley O, Dizon D, Schmeler K, Del Carmen M. Development of a Breast Cancer Advocacy and Access Health Program in Nicaragua. Breast J 21(5):570-1, 9/2015. PMID: 26190769.

Last updated: 3/29/2016