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Xiaodong Zhang, Ph.D.

Present Title & Affiliation

Primary Appointment

Associate Professor, Department of Radiation Physics - Patient Care, Division of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

Dual/Joint/Adjunct Appointment

Regular Faculty Member, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Houston, TX

Office Address

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
1840 Old Spanish Trail
Unit Number: 1150
Houston, TX 77054-2002
Room Number: PTCB.2036
Phone: 713-563-2533
Fax: 713-563-1521

Education & Training

Degree-Granting Education

2001 Ohio University, Athens, OH, MS, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
2001 Ohio University, Athens, OH, PHD, Physics
1994 Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou, MS, Nuclear Physics
1991 University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, BS, Physics

Board Certifications

6/2008 American Board of Radiology


Administrative Appointments/Responsibilities

Co-Leader, Division of Radiation Oncology, The Center of Radiation Oncology Research Technology Work Group, Houston, TX, 1/2013-present

Other Appointments/Responsibilities

Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, Ohio University, Athens, OH, 9/2009-present

Institutional Committee Activities

Committee Member, External Advisory Committee for Clinical Trials and Biomarker Research for Massachusetts General Hospital Federal Share of Proton Beam Program Income, 9/2015-present

Honors and Awards

2014 Proton Therapy Center - Medical Director Appreciation Award, Proton Therapy Center of UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
2011 Manuscript (Zhang et al. Phys. Med. Biol., 56, 7725, 2011) featured on Medical Physics Web, December 22, 2011, and in article by Jude Dineley, “Bragg curve model ramps clinic efficiency” December 22,
2011 Manuscript selected as the feature article of Physics in Medicine and Biology (Zhang X et al. Phys. Med. Biol. 56:7725, 2011), Institute of Physics
2009 Manuscript (Zhang et al. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.., 77, 357-366, 2010) featured on Medical Physics Web, Oct 2, 2009, and in article by Tami Freeman, “IMPT preferable for advanced lung cancer” Oct 2,
2008 Ohio University Spirit Award, Ohio University
2008 Robert M. Chamberlain Distinguished Mentor Award Nomination, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
2008 Leadership Award for Special Contributions in Research, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
2001-2002 Silver Quill Awards for technical publications in Motorola, Motorola

Selected Publications

Peer-Reviewed Original Research Articles

1. Emma B Holliday, Bita Esmaeli, Jamie Pinckard, Adam S Garden, David I Rosenthal, William H Morrison, Merrill S Kies, G Brandon Gunn, C David Fuller, Jack Phan, Beth M Beadle, Xiarong Ronald Zhu, Xiaodong Zhang, Steven J Frank. A Multidisciplinary Orbit-Sparing Treatment Approach that Includes Proton Therapy for Epithelial Tumors of the Orbit and Ocular Adnexa. International Journal of Radiation Oncology• Biology• Physics. In Press.
2. Heng Li, Ron X Zhu, Xiaodong Zhang. Reducing dose uncertainty for spot-scanning proton beam therapy of moving tumors by optimizing the spot delivery sequence. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. In Press.
3. Yupeng Li, Perttu Niemela, Li Liao, Shengpeng Jiang, Heng Li, Poenisch,Falk, Ron X. Zhu, Sami Siljamki, Reynald Vanderstraeten, Narayan Sahoo, Michael Gillin, Xiaodong Zhang. Selective Robust Optimization: a New Intensity-Modulated Proton Therapy Optimization Strategy. Medical Physics 42(8):4840-4847, 8/2015.
4. Heng Li, Xiaodong Zhang, Peter Park, Wei Liu, Joe Chang, Zhongxing Liao, Steve Frank, Yupeng Li, Falk Poenisch, Radhe Mohan, Michael Gillin, Ronald Zhu. Robust optimization in intensity-modulated proton therapy to account for anatomy changes in lung cancer patients. Radiotherapy and Oncology 114(3):367-372, 3/2015.
5. Pan HY, Jiang S, Sutton J, Liao Z, Chance WW, Frank SJ, Zhu XR, Li H, Fontanilla HP, Zhang X, Gomez DR. Early experience with intensity modulated proton therapy for lung-intact mesothelioma: a case series. Pract Radiat Oncol. e-Pub 1/5/2015. PMID: 25572666.
6. Cao, W.; Lim, G.J.; Li, Y.; Zhu, X.R.; Zhang, X. . Improved Beam Angle Arrangement in Intensity Modulated Proton Therapy Treatment Planning for Localized Prostate Cancer. Cancers 7(2):574-584, 2015.
7. Zhu XR, Li Y, Mackin D, Li H, Poenisch F, Lee AK, Mahajan A, Frank SJ, Gillin MT, Sahoo N, Zhang X. Towards effective and efficient patient-specific quality assurance for spot scanning proton therapy. Cancers (Basel) 7(2):631-47, 2015. e-Pub 4/2015. PMID: 25867000.
8. Mackin D, Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Li H, Sahoo N, Kerr M, Holmes C, Li Y, Lii M, Wu R, Suzuki K, Gillin MT, Frank SJ, Grosshans D, Zhang X. Spot-Scanning Proton Therapy Patient Specific Quality Assurance: Results from 309 Treatment Plans. International Journal of Particle Physics 1(3):711-720, 12/2014.
9. Chang JY, Li H, Zhu XR, Liao Z, Zhao L, Liu A, Li Y, Sahoo N, Poenisch F, Gomez DR, Wu R, Gillin M, Zhang X. Clinical implementation of intensity-modulated proton therapy for thoracic malignancies. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 90(4):809-818, 11/15/2014. e-Pub 9/24/2014. PMCID: PMC4252731.
10. Cao W, Lim G, Liao L, Li Y, Jiang S, Li X, Li H, Suzuki K, Zhu XR, Gomez D, Zhang X. Proton energy optimization and reduction for intensity-modulated proton therapy. Phys Med Biol 59(21):6341, 11/7/2014. e-Pub 10/8/2014. PMID: 25295881.
11. Frank SJ, Cox JD, Gillin M, Mohan R, Garden AS, Rosenthal DI, Gunn GB, Weber RS, Kies MS, Lewin JS, Munsell MF, Palmer MB, Sahoo N, Zhang X, Liu W, Zhu XR. Multifield Optimization Intensity Modulated Proton Therapy for Head and Neck Tumors: A Translation to Practice. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 89(4):846-853, 7/2014. e-Pub 5/2014. PMCID: PMC4171724.
12. Li Y, Kardar L, Li X, Li H, Cao W, Chang JY, Liao L, Zhu RX, Sahoo N, Gillin M, Liao Z, Komaki R, Cox JD, Lim G, Zhang X. On the interplay effects with proton scanning beams in stage III lung cancer. Med Phys 41(2):021721, 2/2014. PMCID: PMC4108709.
13. Du W, Cho SH, Zhang X, Hoffman KE, Kudchadker RJ. Quantification of beam complexity in intensity-modulated radiation therapy treatment plans. Med Phys 41(2):021716, 2/2014. PMID: 24506607.
14. Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Li H, Zhang X, Sahoo N, Wu RY, Li X, Lee AK, Chang EL, Choi S, Pugh T, Frank SJ, Gillin MT, Mahajan A, Grosshans DR. A single-field integrated boost treatment planning technique for spot scanning proton therapy. Radiat Oncol 9(1):202,, 2014. e-Pub 9/11/2014. PMCID: PMC4262206.
15. Li H, Liu W, Park P, Matney J, Liao Z, Chang J, Zhang X, Li Y, Zhu RX. Evaluation of the systematic error in using 3D dose calculation in scanning beam proton therapy for lung cancer. J Appl Clin Med Phys 15(5):4810, 2014. e-Pub 9/2014. PMCID: PMC4161985.
16. Mackin D, Li Y, Taylor MB, Kerr M, Holmes C, Sahoo N, Poenisch F, Li H, Lii J, Amos R, Wu R, Suzuki K, Gillin MT, Zhu XR, Zhang X. Improving spot-scanning proton therapy patient specific quality assurance with HPlusQA, a second-check dose calculation engine. Med Phys 40(12):121708, 12/2013. PMID: 24320494.
17. Li H, Park P, Liu W, Matney J, Liao Z, Balter P, Li Y, Zhang X, Li X, Zhu XR. Patient-specific quantification of respiratory motion-induced dose uncertainty for step-and-shoot IMRT of lung cancer. Med Phys 40(12):121712, 12/2013. PMID: 24320498.
18. Wang X, Zhang X, Li X, Amos RA, Shaitelman SF, Hoffman K, Howell RM, Salehpour M, Zhang SX, Sun TL, Smith B, Tereffe W, Perkins GH, Buchholz TA, Strom EA, Woodward WA. Accelerated Partial-Breast Irradiation Using Intensity-Modulated Proton Radiotherapy: Do Uncertainties Outweigh Potential Benefits. The British Journal of Radiology 86(20130176), 05/31/2013, 9/2013.
19. Li X, Quan EM, Li Y, Pan X, Zhou Y, Wang X, Du W, Kudchadker RJ, Johnson JL, Kuban DA, Lee AK, Zhang X. A fully automated method for CT-on-rails-guided online adaptive planning for prostate cancer intensity modulated radiation therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 86(5):835-41, 8/2013. e-Pub 5/2013. PMID: 23726001.
20. W. Cao, G. Lim, Xiaoqiang Li, Yupeng Li, X. R. Zhu, X. Zhang. Incorporating deliverable monitor unit constraints into spot intensity optimization in IMPT treatment planning. Physics in Medicine and Biology 58(15):5113, 8/2013.
21. Quan EM, Liu W, Wu R, Li Y, Frank SJ, Zhang X, Zhu XR, Mohan R. Preliminary evaluation of multi-field and single-field optimization for the treatment planning of spot-scanning proton therapy of head and neck cancer. Med Phys 40(8):1709, 8/2013. PMCID: PMC3732307.
22. Zhu XR, Poenisch F, Lii M, Sawakuchi G, Titt U, Bues M, Song X, Zhang X, Li Y, Ciangaru G, Li H, Taylor MB, Suzuki K, Mohan R, Gillin MT, Sahoo N. Commissioning dose computation models for spot scanning. Medical Physics 40:041723, 4/2013.
23. Li H, Sahoo N, Poenisch F, Suzuki K, Li Y, Li X, Zhang X, Lee AK, Gillin MT, Zhu XR. Use of treatment log files in spot scanning proton therapy as part of patient-specific quality assurance. Med Phys 40(2):021703, 2/2013. PMCID: PMC3555925.
24. Heng Li, Yupeng Li, X. Zhang, Xiaoqiang Li, W Liu, M.T. Gillin, X.R. Zhu. Dynamically accumulated dose and 4D accumulated dose for moving tumors. Medical Physics 39(12):7359, 12/2012.
25. Quan EM, Chang JY, Liao Z, Xia T, Yuan Z, Liu H, Li X, Wages C, Mohan R, Zhang X. Automated VMAT treatment planning for stage III lung cancer: how does it compare with IMRT? Int. J. Radiat. Oncol., Biol., Phys 84(1):e69-e76, 9/2012.
26. Cao W, Lim G, Lee A, Li Y, Liu W, Zhu Ron, Zhang X. Uncertainty incorporated beam angle optimization for IMPT treatment planning. Medical Physics 39(8):5248, 8/2012.
27. Quan EM, Li X, Wang X, Kudchadker,R, Johnson J, Lee A, Kuban D, Zhang X. A comprehensive comparison of IMRT and VMAT plan quality for prostate cancer treatment. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol., Biol., Phys 83(4):1169-1178, 7/2012.
28. Liu W, Li Y, Cao W, Li X, Zhang X. Influence of robust optimization in intensity-modulated proton therapy with different dose delivery techniques. Medical Physics 39(6):3089, 6/2012.
29. Li Y, Zhu RX, Sahoo N, Anand A, Zhang X. Beyond Gaussians: a study of single spot modeling for scanning proton dose calculation. Phys Med Biol 57(4):983-997, 2/21/2012. e-Pub 2/1/2012. PMID: 22297324.
30. Liu W, Zhang X, Li Y, Mohan R. Robust Optimization of Intensity Modulated Proton Therapy. Med Phys 39(2):1079, 2/2012. PMCID: PMC3281975.
31. Demkov AA, Seo H, Zhang X, Ramdani J. Using Zintl-Klemm intermetalics in oxide-semiconductor heteroepitaxy. Applied Physics Letter 100:07162, 2/2012.
32. Zhang X, Liu W, Li Y, Li X, Quan M, Mohan R, Anand A, Sahoo N, Gillin M, Zhu XR. Parameterization of multiple Bragg curves for scanning proton beams using simultaneous fitting of multiple curves. Phys Med Biol 56(24):7725, 12/21/2011. e-Pub 11/16/2011. PMID: 22085829.
33. Wang X, Amos RA, Zhang X, Taddei J, Woodward WA, Karen H, Yu TK, Tereffe W, Oh J, Perkins GH, Salehpour M, Zhang S, Sun TL, Gillin MT, Buchholz T, Strom EA. Potential Clinic Improvements of External Beam Accelerated Partial-Breast Irradiation (APBI) Using Multiple Proton Beam Configurations. Int. J. Radio. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 80(5):1464-1472, 8/2011.
34. Zhang X, Li X, Quan EM, Pan X, Li Y. A methodology for automatic intensity-modulated radiation treatment planning for lung cancer. Phys Med Biol 56(13):3873-3893, 7/7/2011. e-Pub 6/8/2011. PMID: 21654043.
35. Register SP, Zhang X, Mohan R, Chang JY. Proton Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Clinically Challenging Cases of Centrally and Superiorly Located Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 80(4):1015-1022, 7/15/2011. e-Pub 7/7/2010. PMCID: PMC2952351.
36. Cai B, Zhang X and Drabold D. Building Block Modeling Technique: Application to Tenary Chalcogenide Glasses, g-Ge2As4Se4 and g-AsGe0.8Se0.8. Physics Review B 83(0):092202, 3/2011.
37. Li Y, Zhang X, Mohan R. Efficient dose calculation strategy for intensity modulated proton therapy. Physics in Medicine and Biology 56:N71-84, 1/2011.
38. Li X, Wang X, Li Y, Zhang X. A 4D IMRT planning method using deformable image registration to improve normal tissue sparing with contemporary delivery techniques. Radiat Oncol 6(83):83, doi:10.1186/1748-717X-6-83, 2011. e-Pub 7/19/2011. PMCID: PMC3162508.
39. Zhu XR, Sahoo N, Zhang X, Robertson D, Li H, Choi S, Lee AK, Gillin MT. Intensity modulated proton therapy treatment planning using single-field optimization: The impact of monitor unit constraints on plan quality. Medical Physics 37(3):1210-1219, 3/2010.
40. Zhang, X, Li Y, Pan X, Li X, Mohan R, Komaki R, Cox JD, Chang JY. Reduced normal tissue dose and individualized radical radiotherapy by IMPT compared with IMRT in NSCLC. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol., Biol., Phys. 77(2):357-366, 1/2010.
41. Torres M, Chang E, Mahajan A, Lege D, Riley B, Zhang X, Lii M, Kornguth D, Pelloski C, Woo S. Optimal treatment planning for skull base chordoma: Photons, Protons, or a combination of both. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol., Biol., Phys. 74(4):1033-1039, 7/2009.
42. Pan X, Zhang X, Li Y, Mohan R, Liao Z. Impact of using different four-dimensional computed tomography data sets to design proton treatment plans for distal esophageal cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 73(2):601-9, 2/2009. PMID: 19147024.
43. Hui Z, Zhang X, Starkschall G, Li Y, Mohan R, Komaki R, Cox JD, Chang JY. Effects of interfractional motion and anatomic changes on proton therapy dose distribution in lung cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 72(5). e-Pub 5/15/2008. PMID: 18486357.
44. Demkov AA, Zhang XD. Theory of the Sr-induced reconstruction of the Si (001) surface. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 103(10):103710, 5/2008.
45. Li, Y, Zhang X, Lii M, Sahoo N, Zhu XR, Gillin M, and Mohan R. Incorporating partial shining in proton pencil beam dose calculation algorithm. Phys. Med. Biol. 53(3):605-616, 02/2008, 1/2008. PMID: 18199905.
46. Zhang X., Zhao K., Guerrero T., Mcguire S., Yaremko B., Komaki R., Cox J.D., Hui Z., Li Y., Newhauser W., Mohan R., Liao Z.,. 4D-based treatment planning for intensity-modulated radiation therapy and proton therapy for distal esophagus cancer. Int. J. Radiation Oncology Biol. Phys. 72:278-287, 2008.
47. Wang X, Krishnan S, Zhang X, Dong L, Briere T, Crane CH, Gillin M, Mohan R, Beddar S. Proton radiotherapy for liver tumors: dosimetric advantages over photon plans. Medical Dosimetry 33(4):259-267, 2008. PMID: 18973852.
48. Kang Y, Zhang X, Chang JY, Wang H, Wei X, Liao Z, Komaki R, Cox JD, Balter PA, Liu H, Zhu XR, Mohan R, Dong L. 4D Proton treatment planning strategy for mobile lung tumors. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 67:906-914, 2007. PMID: 17293240.
49. Li Y, Zhang X, Dong L, Mohan R. A novel patch field optimization algorithm using optimized grid filter for passively scattered proton beams. Phys. Med. Biol. 52:N265-N275, 2007.
50. Chang J, Zhang X, Cox JD. Conformity index (CI) and radiation treatment of lung cancer. Int J Radiation Oncology Biol Phys 68:1272, 2007.
51. Zhang X, Dong L, Lee AK, Cox JD, Kuban DA, Zhu RX, Wang X, Li Y, Newhauser WD, Gillin M, Mohan R. Effect of anatomic motion on proton therapy dose distribution in prostate cancer treatment. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 67:620-629, 2007. PMID: 17236979.
52. Newhauser W, Fontenot J, Zheng Y, Polf J, Titt U, Koch N, Zhang X, Mohan R. Monte Carlo simulations for configuring and testing an analytical proton dose-calculation algorithm. Phys. Med. Biol. 52:4569-4584, 2007.
53. Zhang X, Wang X, Dong L, Liu H, Mohan R. A sensitivity-guided algorithm for automated determination of IMRT objective function parameters. Med. Phys. 33:2935-2944, 2006. PMID: 16964872.
54. Liu HH, Jauregui M, Zhang X, Wang X, Dong L, Mohan R. Beam angle optimization and reduction for intensity-modulated radiation therapy of non-small-cell lung cancers. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 65(2):561-572, 2006. PMID: 16690438.
55. Chang JY, Zhang X, Wang X, Kang Y, Riley B, Bilton S, Mohan R, Komaki R, Cox JD. Significant reduction of normal tissue dose by proton radiotherapy compared with three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiation therapy in Stage I or Stage III non-small-cell lung cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 65(4):1087-96, 2006. PMID: 16682145.
56. Wang X, Zhang X, Dong L, Liu H, Gillin M, Anand A, Ang K, Mohan R. Effective of non-coplanar IMRT planning using a parallelized multiresolution beam angle optimization method for paranasal sinus carcinoma. Int J Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 63:549-601, 2005.
57. Mohan R, Zhang X, Wang H, Kang Y, Wang XC, Liu H, Dong L. Use of deformed intensity distributions for on-line modification of image-guided IMRT to account for interfractional anatomic changes. Int J Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 61:1258-1266, 2005. PMID: 15752908.
58. Wang X, Zhang X, Dong L, Liu H, Wu Q, Mohan R. Development of beam angle optimization for IMRT using accelerated exhaustive search strategy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 60:1325-1137, 11/2004. PMID: 15519806.
59. Zhang X, Liu H, Wang X, Dong L, Wu Q, Mohan R. Speed and convergence properties of gradient algorithms for optimization of IMRT. Med. Phys. 31:1141-1152, 2004. PMID: 15191303.
60. Fonseca L, Korkin A, Demkov AA, Zhang X, Knizhnik A. Atomistic calculation of leakage current through ultra-thin metal-oxide barriers. Microelectronic engineering 69:130-137, 9/2003.
61. Droopad R, Yu Z, Li H, Liang Y, Overgaard C, Demkov AA, Zhang X, Moore K, Eisenbeiser K, Hu M, Curless J, Finder J. Development of integrated hetero structures on silicon by MBE. J. Crystal Growth 251:638, 2003.
62. Hu XM, Li H, Liang Y, Wei Y, Yu Z, Marshall D, Edwards J, Droopad R, Zhang X, Demkov AA, Moore K, Kulik J. The interface of epitaxial SrTiO3 on silicon: in situ and ex situ studies. Appl. Phys. Lett. 82:203, 2003.
63. Zhang X, Demkov AA. Theory of the atomic and electronic structure of the Si/SrTiO3 interface. Phys. Rev. B 68:125323, 2003.
64. Li H, Hu X, Wei Y, Yu Z, Zhang X, Droopad R, Demkov AA, Edwards J, Moore K, Ooms W, Kulik J, Fejes PJ. Two-dimensional growth of high-quality strontium titanate thin films on Si. J. Appl. Phys. 93:4521, 2003.
65. Tisinger LH, Liu R, Kulik J, Zhang X, Ramdani J, Demkov AA. Ultraviolet-Raman studies of SrTiO3 ultrathin films on Si. Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B 21(1):53-56, 2003.
66. Zhang X, Fonseca L, Demkov AA. First principles study of electron transport through atomistic metal-oxide-semiconductor structures. In proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Computational Nanoscience, ICCN 2002, M. Laudon and B.Romanowicz, Eds. Computational Publications):322, 2002.
67. Taraskin SN, Fry PA, Zhang X, Drabold DA, Elliott SR. Spatial decay of the single-particle density matrix in tight-binding metals: Analytic results in two dimensions. Phys. Rev. B 66:233101, 2002.
68. Zhang X, Demkov A. Steps on the (001) SrTiO3 surface. J. of Vac, Sci. Tech. B 20:1664, 2002.
69. Zhang X, Fonseca L, Demkov AA. The application of density functional, local orbitals, and scattering theory to quantum transport. Phys. Stat. Sol. B 233:70, 2002.
70. Zhang X and Drabold D. Properties of the density matrix from realistic calculations. Phys. Rev. B 63:233109, 2001.
71. Demkov AA, Zhang X, Heater Loechelt. Theoretical investigation of ultrathin gate dielectrics. VLSI Design 13:1-4, 2001.
72. Demkov AA, Zhang X, Drabold D. Towards a First principle simulation and current-voltage characteristic of atomistic metal-oxide-semiconductor structures. Phys. Rev. B 64:125306, 2001.
73. Zhang X, Drabold D. Understanding light induced electron spin resonance by ab-inito molecular dynamic simulation. Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 24-25:3190, 2001.
74. Wang Z, Wang XB, Wang XC, Zhang X. Spectra of halo nuclei. Communications in Theoretical Physics 33(1):81-86, 2000.
75. Zhang X, Drabold D. Structural and electronic properties of amorphous GeSe2 surfaces. Phys. Rev. B 62(23):15695-15701, 2000.
76. Demkov AA, Liu R, Zhang X, Heater Loechelt. Theoretical and experimental investigation of ultra-thin oxynitrides and the role of nitrogen at the Si-SiO2 interface. J. of Vac. Suf. Tech. B18:2388, 2000.
77. Demkov AA, Liu R, Zhang X. Theoretical investigation of gate dielectrics. Proceedings of the 27th International symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IEEE) 27:155, 2000.
78. Zhang X, Drabold D. ab-initio simulation of photo-structural change in amorphous selenium. Physical Review Letters 83(24):5042-5045, 12/1999.
79. Zhang X., Drabold D. Evidence for valence alternation and new model for amorphous Selenium. J. Non Crysal Solids 241:195, 1998.
80. Wang Z, Zhang X, Wang XC, Wang XB. Self-similar structure shell model. High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics 22(4):333-340, 1998.
81. L. Ge and X. Zhang. Study of Reaction Induced by Radioactive Beams. Nuclear Physics Review 14:19-26, 1/1997.
82. Chen L, Ge L, Zhang X, Zhang F. Isospin equilibrium and non-equilibrium in Heavy Ion Collision at intermediate energies. J. Phys. G 23:211-218, 1997.
83. Wang Z, Zhang X, Wang XC, Wang XB. Structure of Light Nuclei on Neutron Drip line. Communications in Theoretical Physics 49:49-56, 1997.
84. X Zhang and L Ge. Study of -(11)Li-Induced Reactions via QMD Model. High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics 20:270-276, 3/1996.
85. Wang Z, Zhang X, Wang XC, Wang XB. Ground State Properties of Halo Nuclei. Z. Phys A 356:255, 1996.
86. Chen L, Zhang X, Ge L. Isospin Effect on pre-equilibrium nucleon emission in Heavy Ion Collision. High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics (in Chinese) 20:1091-1096, 1996.
87. Zhang X, Ge L. Fluctuations and Emission of Intermediate Mass Fragments in HIC. High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics (in Chinese) 19(10):945-951, 1995.
88. Wang Z, Zhang X, Wang XC, Wang XB. Physical Mechanism of Neutron Halo on Drip Line Light Nuclei. Chin. Phys. Lett. 12:705, 1995.
89. Wang Z, Zhang X, Wang XC, Wang XB. Structure of Halo Nuclei. Chin. J. of Nucl. Phys. 17:137, 1995.
90. Ge L, Zhang X, Zhu Q. Intermittence in Heavy Collision at Intermediate and High Energies. High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics (in Chinese) 18:428-432, 1994.
91. Zhang X, Ge L, Zhu Q. Intermittence in Heavy ion Collision at Intermediate and High Energies. Chinese J. of Nuclear Physics 16:308, 1994.
92. Zhu Q, Ge L, Zhang X. Isospin Effect in Heavy Ion Collision. High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics (in Chinese) 18:853-857, 1994.

Invited Articles

1. Wang X, Woodward W, Zhang X, Taddei P. Proton Therapy for breast cancer, invited. Transactions of the American Nuclear Society 101:1085-1088, 1/2009.


1. Demkov AA, Zhang X, Allmen P. Preface:. Phys. Stat. Sol. B 233:3, 2002.

Grant & Contract Support

Title: Philips Pinnacle3 Proton Planning for IMPT Beta version
Funding Source: Philips Medical System
Role: Principal Investigator
Duration: 8/1/2014 - 7/31/2016
Title: Minimizing dose uncertainty for spot scanning proton beam of moving tumors by optimization
Funding Source: Varian Medical Systems
Role: Co-Investigator
Principal Investigator: Li
Duration: 7/1/2014 - 6/30/2016
Title: Knowledge-Based Intensity Modulated Proton Therapy Treatment Planning
Funding Source: Varian Medical System
Role: Principal Investigator
Duration: 3/1/2013 - 1/31/2015
Title: Using the mdaccAutoPlan system to improve radiotherapy plan quality while reducing cost
Funding Source: Sister Institution Network Fund-MDACC
Role: Principal Investigator
Duration: 9/1/2012 - 8/31/2014
Title: Intensity Modulated Proton Therapy
Funding Source: Sister Institution Network Fund-MDACC and DKFZ
Role: Co-Investigator
Principal Investigator: Mohan R
Duration: 4/1/2012 - 8/31/2013
Title: Evaluate Pinnacle Proton Dose Engine
Funding Source: Philips
Role: Principal Investigator
Duration: 3/1/2012 - 2/28/2013
Title: Advanced optimization techniques in Intensity Modulated Proton Therapy
Funding Source: Rice University
Role: Co-Principal Investigator
Principal Investigator: Heinkenscholoss
Duration: 11/1/2009 - 10/31/2011
Title: Optimizing Proton Radiation Therapy
Funding Source: NIH/NCI
Role: Co-Investigator
Principal Investigator: Thomas DeLaney
Duration: 9/25/2008 - 10/31/2014

Last updated: 8/3/2015